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|1.||The United States of Paramountica||Civil Rights Lovefest||“E Pluribus Unum”|
|2.||The Dominion of Canovia||Inoffensive Centrist Democracy||“A mari usque ad mare”|
|3.||The State of Ghedeland||Inoffensive Centrist Democracy||“Science, Culture, Paix”|
|4.||The United Technocratic Republic of Cinigard||Democratic Socialists||“Plenum et Populum”|
|5.||The South African Dominion of Nonador||Inoffensive Centrist Democracy||“UMOJA KATIKA UTOFAUTI”|
|6.||The Community of Reactionary Europe||Moralistic Democracy||“Unity and Order through Tradition”|
|7.||The Thai Kingdom of Crazybloxian Empire||Libertarian Police State||“Thailand”|
|8.||The 大日本帝国 of Philanialle||Civil Rights Lovefest||“八 紘 一 宇”|
|9.||The British Raj of Nosautempopulus||Civil Rights Lovefest||“Heaven's Light Our Guide”|
|10.||The Federal Republic of Royaume des loups||Liberal Democratic Socialists||“In God We Trust”|
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|The Kingdom of Belgium of Paseo|
| PASCAL BANZA DIES FROM HEART ATTACK |
20th of January, 1940
| Breaking news have arrived from Leopoldville, which announce the death of the First Representative of Congo, PASCAL BANZA. Mr Banza was elected as the first native Congolese to the position of power in the October elections of 1939. Not a few months into his rule, and Mr Banza had been found dead in his mansion by his widowed wife, Mrs Gloria Banza. It has been ruled by the doctors that Mr Banza suffered a heart attack, and passed away.
The tragic news have sparked controversy around the ruling elites of Congo. MAXIME LEROY has taken over the duties of the First Representative of Congo, until new elections that will take place in late February of 1940 will give out a new congress. The elections have been called out by the Queen Dowager Elisabeth, who has stated that "...the loss of Mr Pascal Banza is that of a great human, a beautiful visionary, a man who wanted Congo to become prosperous...may he rest in peace, as God allows...".
GLORIA BANZA, however, the widow of Mr Banza has deemed herself as the one that will carry on the political legacy of her husband, a legacy as she states "...is based on making the people of Congo prosperous and free..." The popularity of Mrs Banza, after her husbands death and pictures of her at the funeral in the press, has increased spectacularly high. Her popularity has been on the rise since 1937, and ever since, she has marked herself as the FACE OF AFRICA. On 1st of February, 1940, Mrs Gloria Banza started her own political movement named THE NATIONAL LIBERAL REVIVAL MOVEMENT.
The death of the first Congolese leader of Congo has shown how vulnerable life is. However, some leftists Belgian press speculate that Mr Banza might of been murdered. Rumours of his links to Belgian and Soviet communists have been quite increasing, and it might of been that Mr Banza had been removed. Some suggest it was the Queen Dowager, others that it was the Colonial powers of France and Britain, the Belgian government or the Estado Novo forces. However, no evidence provided suggests that Mr Banza had been murdered. And his relation with the Queen had been rather warm and close. May Pascal Banza rest in peace, as the Queen Dowager stated. |
| THE NATIONAL LIBERAL REVIVAL MOVEMENT WINS THE ELECTIONS ; GLORIA BANZA BECOMES THE FIRST REPRESENTATIVE OF CONGO |
19th of February, 1940
| The snap elections had happened over the span of three days, with the 19th of February giving official results to Congo. The death of Pascal Banza meant that the new elections had to be carried out due to the lack of a First Representative. The election results, however, had shocked everyone. The Congolese society over the past two years has been becoming greatly educated and skilled, and a working and middle class had started to show it's appearance. The popularity of Mrs Banza had also taken a major strike to the elections, leaving Congo and Belgium in a state of shock. Five parties have fought for their way into the National Congress.
CONGO DEMOCRATIC PARTY OF PEOPLE led by FELIX NURUFI
CONSERVATIVE MOVEMENT OF CONGO led by ISAAC MERTENS
LIBERAL CONGO PARTY led by MAXIME LEROY
CHRISTIAN-CENTRIST PARTY OF CONGO led by MARTIN NUZUZI
NATIONAL LIBERAL REVIVAL MOVEMENT led by GLORIA BANZA
ELECTION RESULTS BASED ON POPULAR VOTE
LIBERAL CONGO PARTY gained 6 Seats from the Popular Vote, gaining 10% in the polls.
CHRISTIAN CENTRIST PARTY OF CONGO gained 2 Seats from the Popular Vote, gaining 3.3% in the polls.
ELECTION RESULTS BASED ON ADVISORY COUNCIL VOTE
NATIONAL LIBERAL REVIVAL MOVEMENT gained 12 Seats from the Advisory Council.
CHRISTIAN CENTRIST PARTY OF CONGO gained 10 Seats from the Advisory Council.
CONSERVATIVE MOVEMENT OF CONGO gained 6 Seats from the Advisory Council.
COMPLETE RESULTS FOR THE NATIONAL CONGRESS OF CONGO
LIBERAL CONGO PARTY will sit in the National Congress with 38 Seats.
CHRISTIAN CENTRIST PARTY OF CONGO will sit in the National Congress with 12 Seats.
CONSERVATIVE MOVEMENT OF CONGO will sit in the National Congress with 6 Seats.
| [i]The February Elections have not only delivered Mrs Gloria Banza as the First Representative of Congo, but it also had delivered a moment in which Mrs Banza does not have to form a coalition with any other party, holding an overwhelming majority in the National Congress. Mrs Banza is the first black woman to hold any power position in the modern world. Many suggest that she had managed to pull of such a victory due to sympathy votes, and due to support from the Advisory Council and the Queen Dowager directly. However, Mrs Banza has now become the prominent leading figure of Congo.
Her party had brought into the National Congress over 50 Black natives, marking her party as the most native orientated. However, her government has not been formed through the likes of party members, but instead through experts. Mrs Banza has appointed experts to her government, with 10 out of 10 ministers being either Belgian or Congolese experts in their fields. Mrs Banza had also underlined that her work has only began, and that she intends of bringing Congo into the modern world, with her husband as her guiding light.
The revolutionary moment of history has brought the Belgian government into fury. The Belgian government had placed an arrest warrant on Mrs Gloria Banza, and had demanded that no colonial power within Africa to recongise Mrs Banza as the First Representative nor her government. A warning has been sent to the Queen Dowager, that Belgium will deploy troops to Congo should Belgian officials not be freed and the government of Mrs Banza abolished. However, the press has dubbed it as bluff as the situation in Europe has become so tensed, that the Belgian government cannot afford to send any men to Congo at this moment.
Mrs Banza had, however, openly spoken out on the idea of an independent country of Congo. In her interview for the Belgian Times, Mrs Banza stated that "...I believe that Congo needs to become independent, and I think that the constant threats from the Belgian government are not only pushing my people to believe so, the Queen to believe so but also the international community to believe so...I urge the Belgian government to work with me, not against me as I do intend to work against them..."
Many in Belgium have disregarded the results in Congo, stating that a woman in power, a black woman in power in particular is a farce of great proportions. Many cartoonist have now made their efforts to ridicule Mrs Gloria Banza. However, it seems that Mrs Banza is determined to do her job right, with a new package of reforms already being worked on and said to be introduced to the Queen and the National Congress by mid-March.
Is Mrs Gloria Banza in power truly a farce of the moment? Or is this young woman bound to change the history of Congo and Africa? |
Great Britain GB
The Confederate Prussian Empire
|The South African Dominion of Nonador|
DIE BANTOEWERELD | IN AFRIKAANS
ILIZWE LABANTU | IN XHOSA
THE BANTU WORLD | IN ENGLISH
January Edition — 1940
Diversity in thought and view Strengthens the People
Dependable Source of News and Current Events from Across the Dominion
INLAND PORTS OF SOUTH AFRICA - LINKS TO THE CONTINENT, PATHWAY TO VICTORY;
At Windhoek, Midrand, Beaufort West and Polokwane - the Ministry of Commerce announced with several major commercial partners, the formation of new “Inland Ports” to boost logistical efficiency within the Dominion in support of its efforts abroad. Capitalizing upon connections to domestic and continental rail lines, these “Ports” are envisioned as major Intermodal transit hubs, storages, and distribution centers. Each with greatly expanded rail yard and maintenance facilities, they will operate as centralized locations from which resources, munitions, goods, and equipment can be quickly diverted to various theaters of war.
Conflict brings with it vigorous recovery from economic downturn, economists have long contended. Such is being witnessed around the globe, that while one form of suffering has replaced another, the eventuality of peace sparks hope as prices rise in all sectors to pre-depression levels as demand increases. New Jobs for South Africans, not just in the Armed Services, nor in the Factories or Fields, but at the Inland Ports - are promised usher in a new era for South Africa. Such is the mandate of the South African Inland Port Authority (SAIPA), created to administer and plan the operation/expansion of these ports. Governed by an Executive Board comprised of 20 members, half from the private sector, a quarter from prestigious Universities (Intellectuals) and another quarter from the local municipalities where the ports are operated. SAIPA is poised to become a public ally traded company, with 20% of shares owned by the national government and the remaining 80% owned by private South Africans — working in conjunction with the Transcontinental Rail Commission, and South African Rail & Port Authority, who will share jurisdiction with SAIPA in one form or another. Plans for port operations outline the creation of some 8,000 jobs in 1940 alone — from Yard workers, to truck drivers, Construction/Maintenance personnel, and Inspectors with that number expected to grow exponentially as the war continues, and even into the future upon the resumption of normal trade within the continent. Even as attention to the war dominates plans for the port, the new SAIPA made clear that it’s plans would include measure for long term sustainability in every aspect, from standardizing the size of shipping containers fit for both rail and maritime transit, to addressing environmental concerns that rapid industrialization poses in the face of Africa’s unique nature scape.
The announcement of this initiative has been met with public support, especially from both war planners and industrialists who have continuously raised concerns about the logistical nightmare presented by war on the continent.
|The 大日本帝国 of Philanialle|
TOKYO, JAPAN — EAST ASIA
BORDER SKIRMISH BETWEEN JAPANESE AND SOVIETS
| From the Foreign Office, the spokesman, Mr. YAKICHIRO SUMA declares to the press: |
“Diplomatic relations between Japan and Russia are good, but for now. A non-aggression pact is out of our plans.”
| Two days later, the two countries were on the brink of war. Those responsible who wrote the reports in Nomonhan, on the Manchukuo-Outer Mongolia border, in what took place in 1939 in a confrontation between the Soviets and the Japanese. They said they saw Imperial Japanese Army troops and supply trains heading to the border. But Tokyo vehemently denied it. What was not denied by Tokyo was a skirmish between Japan and Soviet forces on Sakhalin Island. In a report by the Tokyo War Office, this was stated in detail. |
TOKYO WAR OFFICE UNDER SKIRMISHES ON THE BORDER BETWEEN JAPAN AND THE USSR At the border that divides the island into two parts, on the Soviet side, guards invaded the Japanese side and shot Japanese police officers. With these Russian actions leading to this skirmish, it was confirmed that there were more casualties on the Japanese side than on the Soviet side.
| Sakhalin is an island located in northern Japan. Before 1850, the island was sparsely populated. In 1875, the Japanese allowed the Russians to have the entire island to themselves. So Russia made the island its prison, which was a site of over 7,000 exiled prisoners. During the Russo-Japanese War (1904-1905), Japan managed to own half of the island. And since then the two countries have always fought (but not) for the resources that the island offers. Russians and Japanese want the whole island. A war would be hard to break out on Sakhalin — the Japanese-Soviet clash that took place was amidst a heavy snowfall that caused trains to stop and not to mention troop walking — but it seems that with the Sakhalin clashes and the problems in Mongolia would prevent Russia and Japan from shaking hands, which worries and fears the allied powers. |
|The South African Dominion of Nonador|
03 March 1940 | SECOND WORLD WAR
HIS MAJESTY’s SOUTHERN ARSENAL – DOMINION OF SOUTH AFRICA;
Preparations for war had initially been a strenuous exercise for the Dominion of South Africa. Like much of the world, the outbreak of War was a shock and, despite pre-war efforts to rearm the armed forces. Yet, as months passed, the thump and clinks of factories across the Union began to churn out the materials of war at rates never before seen on the continent of Africa. As London became overwhelmed with its own war effort, the process by which South Africa had previously received weapons licenses and sent production orders to the home Islands was becoming increasingly untenable. Thus, the Ministry of Defense elevated the research and development departments of each service branch to seats on the War Council, to better enable developers to hear the strategic needs of the Dominion. Thus, as demands for new equipment began to mount, the Dominion's public and private producers presented new systems to meet the needs of South Africa.
Tactics exemplified by the war in Europe has prompted a desire within military think tanks concerning the concept of an “Air Tank”. Noting recent demonstrations of the necessity of Close Air Support in quick maneuvering, demonstrated for South African planners a need for such aircraft in its inventory. Already the South African Air Force operates a number of modern fixed wing aircraft which could fulfill this role adequately — but the unique geographic make up of continental Africa makes the operation of such aircraft difficult, especially when the open fields used to supplement air bases are few and far between, especially in the dense jungle or remote regions of sub-Saharan Africa. Thus, the desire for an aircraft which could operate with little to no ground support facilities was born. Rotorcraft, otherwise called ‘Helicopters’ are not new in the aerospace industry, even while being a less prestigious line of development. Advances demonstrated in air shows in Europe just before the outbreak of war, demonstrated the viability of such craft as a mode for transportation — and as envisioned by South Africans, close ground support. To be able to loiter in support of advancing troops, to land in small clearings to load and off load personnel or equipment, is core to the doctrinal requirement of South Africa during the war and beyond. Thus, the Ministry of Defense announced requirements for a first generation “Helicopter” to be known as the Raptor developed by the South Africa Aerospace Company. Developed in stages, initially with the Raptor-X, the end product is envisioned as an aircraft capable of carrying up to an Infantry Heavy Weapons Fireteam, and/or cargo of similar weight. Using publically available data on the design of such craft, SAAC designed the Raptor-X around the following specifications;
SAAC RAPTOR-X— EXPERIMENTAL HELICOPTER (1941)
LENGTH: 30 Feet
POWERPLANT: 1 x SUID Automotives 6P-360-R [88 HP (66 kW) at 1,998 RPM]
SPEED: 46 MPH
With the Raptor-X entering development and prototype construction, project managers have expressed that the first craft could flight in the summer of 1941. After experimentation, the next phase of the project would see a larger production version enter service by no later than 1944 with a crew of 2 and cargo space, tailored for rescue, and artillery spotting roles.
EARLY EXPERIENCE PROMPTS NEW CONSTRUCTION PROGRAM;
The sinking of HMS Courageous by German U-Boats sent a shock through the British and South African Admiralty. Not since the Great War had the potency of submarine warfare been demonstrated with such glaring clarity. Nearly all hands were lost aboard the converted Aircraft Carrier, numbering the hundreds by a culprit manned by less than 100 men. Anti-Submarine warfare was the foundation upon which the reformed Royal South African Navy initiated construction and acquisition programs during the “interwar period”. Yet, further review found that South Africa’s capability in this area of warfare was wholly inadequate. Thus, a new Destroyer program was initiated for a class of 20 ships constructed in four flotillas of five, at shipyards along the southern and eastern coasts of South Africa. There, away from the heaviest fighting, these vessels would be able to swiftly enter service over the next three years.
Dubbed the Alpha–class Destroyer, these ships are a continuation of South Africa’s departure from British design philosophy. Instead of sustaining a large fleet of small destroyers, the Dominion would focus on large fleet destroyers in some regards taking on the form of small cruisers. While slightly smaller than the Zulu-class currently entering service, the Alphas have a greater range, allowing them to become a more viable convoy and fleet escort platform. This greater range comes at the expense of internal space usually reserved for ammunition, now to be filled by extended fuel banks. Their main armaments, the standard 4.7 Inch gun, are to be placed into five single mounts, a decrease from the dual mounts of the Zulu-class. An emphasis on anti-submarine and air defense were the chief causes of this change – resulting in the placement of additional depth charge racks and side-launchers, in addition to a reinforced anti-air component.
A L P H A—class—D E S T R O Y E R
The first of the Alpha-class destroyers are expected to be launched next Spring, and be immediately placed into front line service thereafter.
The initial success of the German commerce raiders, such as Graf Spee, served as confirmation to doctrinal thinking regarding Maritime Interdiction as a viable option against numerically superior forces. That doctrine resulted in the construction of two Province–class ‘Southern Cruisers’, who will enter service before the beginning of summer this year. Securing the Cape from assault through deterrence, while also having the speed to catch Raiding vessels (and outrun them if needed), and armor to sustain fights against similarly armed vessels. In essence, the Southern Cruiser was both a commerce raider and raider killer. Such proof of concept, even with the destruction of the majority of Germany’s raiders, was enough to prompt debate concerning the construction of 2 more vessels of this type — but with a slightly reduced main armament in the interest of expanded anti-air capability. The modified versions of the vessels — dubbed the Natal-sub class, would be well positioned as an integral part of the South African carrier force and/or support amphibious operations in addition to their core mission. In addition to these changes, and advances in Radar technology, the new group would see the removal of it’s aircraft and catapult – removing volatile aviation fuel from internal storage and further allowing additional secondary armaments and crew accommodations. Thus, the keels for HMSAS ’Natal’ and ‘Orange’ were laid at Simonstown shipyard with a new armament layout;
PROVINCE–class CRUISER [NATAL SUB-CLASS] (1942)
- 3x2 8"/50 BL Mk X Cannons
- 12x2 4"/45 QF Mk XVI DP-AA Guns
- 6x4 40mm/39 QF Mark VIII Pom-Poms
- 20x2 20mm/70 Oerlikon Mk II AA Guns
Expected to enter service shortly after completion of South Africa’s carriers in 1942, these vessels will further expand the RSAN’s capabilities.
The final part of this war-time expansion program is the acquisition of 10 Portuguese Rafael-Class Diesel-Electric Submarines to be dubbed the ’Fish’–class submarines. These vessels, among the cutting edge in submersed naval design, are the first such ships to enter service with the South African navy. After demonstrations of the class showcased by Portuguese officials, and a similar purchase made by the Kingdom of Egypt, South African officials moved forward with a construction program. These vessels, to be delivered over the next year — a emblematic of the fledgling relationship between South Africa and Estado Novo who, despite their neutrality in the war, has been a partner to the British Empire.
|The Kingdom of Belgium of Paseo|
| GLORIAS REFORM PACKAGE PASSED |
15th of March, 1940
| What has been named as the Gloria's Reform Package has now been passed through the National Congress and the Queen Dowgaer. The large scope of reformation has been officially passed under the New Congo Reform. The Reformation is ground-breaking in it's scope and intentions, and to many in Belgium within the government it had brought fear. The Liberal Congo Party and the Conservative Movement of Congo voted against the Package, with the Christian-Centrist Party voting in favour. The package contains SEVEN major points which highlight the focuses of Mrs Gloria Banza for upcoming years as her time in the position of the First Representative of Congo.
Act 1. BID FOR INDEPEDENCE ACT - Officially, the government of Congo will begin the process of pushing towards Congo's independence from Belgium. The plan is to make Congo independent by the start of 1941, or by the end of 1942 at the latest.
Act 2. LINK ALL PEOPLE PROGRAM - The government will speed up the process of establishing the Trans-Congo Railway, so that the railway will be fully active and in usage by 1942. Starting in 1936 officially, it was estimated that the railway will be ready by 1943/44, but with the increase of government resources and funds, the railway is estimated to be ready by 1942. In addition to this, a major expansion of infrastructure on a large scale will begin to take place, connecting villages and towns with cities by highways and railways. FIVE new airports are to be constructed around Congo, which will hopefully be able to carry highly important passengers between larger cities.
Act 3. MONEY FOR THE PEOPLE PROGRAM - Establishment of major national companies and their expansion with the major one being the National Resources of Congo Company which will oversee the state controlling, selling and using the natural resources of Congo to the international market and local market through the NRCC. Other companies will include the National Mining Company of Congo, National Energy of Congo, National Automobile Congo Manufacturer and the National Tin, Minerals and Metals Company. The companies will pay an active part in the economic life of the country and on the international market for years to come. The economic life of Congo is aimed to be split between 60% of that of State Owned Companies, Shares and Investments and 40% of that of private local and foreign companies, shares and investments. The aim is to keep the major wealth of Congo and distribute for the benefit of the people of Congo whilst giving the international market what it needs at a fair and open rate.
Act 4. TAXATION FOR CONGO - All taxes collected in Congo, from June of 1940, will remain in Congo. From June of 1940, Congo will stop paying into the Belgian government budget and instead pay into the national government of Congo. In addition, taxation on foreign and local business within Congo will be reduced substantially to increase investments and company bases. The act will oversee the implementation of a investment friendly economy, to attract foreign investments into Congo on a large long-lasting scale. The creation of Congolese manufacturing, luxurious goods, energy and automobile industries will be supported and encouraged. Small and medium businesses will be encouraged and supported.
Act 5. BIG PROJECTS FOR ALL - Plans have been laid out for the construction of the Queen Dowager Dam in Congo, with the intention of making it the largest hydro-power dam in the world. The plans scope and predict that the dam will be able to supply Congo's electricity demand for years to come, and become one of the major export products of Congo, with the dam to support and supply a good portion of Africa. The plans for the dam will be financed and coordinated by the National Energy of Congo but also by private investments or investments from other countries, with potential investments coming from South Africa, Estado Novo and the United States. The Queen Dowager Dam will be composed of several dams. The official start date for the construction is set to be January 1941, with the official ending to be around 1944/45 for the first four dams constructed. Another major project will be the construction of a new major port city at the coast of Congo. The plan has been laid out, and the new port city which will be named New Congo, will be set to have it's purpose in heavy and major trade with the world, and to become one of the major ports of Africa. The proposed building date is to start in March of 1941, and it's initial stages are to be finished by 1944, with the finalisations coming around 1947.
Act 6. CONGO UNITED SONG FESTIVAL - Establishment of the Congo United Song Festival in order to culturally push the country further and to unite the tribes of Congo culturally. The large event will take place each year in the winning province. The event will see the provinces of Congo sending their best singers and musicians. The contest is set to begin in August of 1940, and will take place in the capital city of Leopoldville. The Festival is meant to unite the people of Congo and push the country much further culturally and socially.
Act 7. NEW HEALTHCARE PROGRAM - Establishment of Healthcare Clinics across the country, in bid to help Congolese in their health and lifestyle. The establishment of dentistry clinics in major cities and towns of Congo, to aid the people in dentistry needs. The establishment of Healthcare Corps, that will be composed of newly educated nurses and doctors of Congo that will travel to remote villages of Congo to aid people, and help them deal with health related issues.
| The main issue and controversy has arose around Act 1, Act 3 and Act 4. These Acts have been considered by the Belgian government as highly dangerous. The Liberal Congo Party and the Conservative Movement of Congo have voted against the reform due to those three acts within it. The Acts actively go against Belgium, Belgian interests in Congo and begin to establish and change the Congolese economy completely. With the resources of Congo in it's hands, the taxes within their hands, the Belgian government has stated that the government of Congo has a month to revoke the changes, in other case Belgium will be forced to act and send troops to Congo. However, Mrs Gloria Banza has stated that "...the reforms are needed, we have to take our richness into our hands and use it wisely...the international markets are open for Congo and Congo is open for them...I strongly believe that any intervention from Belgium will only give them bad press world-wide, in a time when they cannot afford it...".
The Belgian press has dubbed Mrs Banza as THE BLACK DEVIL, stating that Mrs Banza is using the peculiar position of Belgium and its government to her advantage in pushing an agenda that is heavily anti-Belgian and anti-Democratic. However, the Congolese press has praised Mrs Banza for her actions, stating that the control that Congo will now begin to have over its resources, richness, money and people will ultimately lead to major changes that are going to transform Congo from a semi-Colony to a prosperous nation of the 20th Century. The Queen Dowager stated that the New Congo Reform actively seeks to give Congo it's own hands and legs, and form a country that Belgium will need in years to come.
It's known that the major figures behind the New Congo Reform are the Minister of Economics and Industry ( Felix Mubuti ) and Minister of International Relations for Congo ( Jeremi Venser ). Mr Mubuti and Mr Venser are active figures of Mrs Banza's cabinet, and are said to be very close to her. Mr Mubuti is a Congolese economist who had worked alongside Belgian economists in Congo since 1927. Mr Mubuti had the chance to visit Germany, France, Estado Novo and the United States of America on countless occasions and his economic polices are starting to form an interesting situation within Congo. On the other hand, Mr Venser is a Belgian professor of law, who had been an advisor to the Queen Dowager since 1937. His knowledge of Europe, Africa and the Middle East is heavily extensive and his policy making is a testimony to it.
However, it has been noticed that Mrs Banza has now began to travel in the protection of Force Publique, as it is highly likely that Mrs Gloria Banza might be a target for potential assassination attempts. Her policies are revolutionary, her position in Congo and Africa is growing but her own safety and the safety of her government are very risky, and will Mrs Banza survive to see another election and survive to see the fruits of her reforms? |
|The Union of Soviet Socialists of OsivoII|
| MARCH 1940 |
USSR ★ UNION OF SOVIET SOCIALIST REPUBLICS Союз Советских Социалистических Республик CCCP |
THE WINTER WAR GRINDS TO A BLOODY END:
The blood spilled in Finland would prove fruitful to Comrade Stalin as his goal of extension of the border deeper west to buffer Leningrad had been realized with 300.000+ Casualties in 3 months against Finnish Forces and Nature. February would be the turning point of a full Soviet embarrassment as Comrade Stalin committed to reforms to change the situation on the ground. Frontal assaults had been halted in December as General Leadership would be given to Semyon Timoshenko. Reorganization of the fronts would put full focus onto the Karelian Isthmus and a change in tactical doctrines to better suit the situation occurring in battles. Timoshenko would focus 75% of his forces to brutally break through a small sector between Taipale and the Munasuo swamp and the 123rd Rifle Division would rehearse for weeks in life-size mock-ups of the Finnish Mannerheim line alongside massive shipments of Tanks and Artillery and now 25 Infantry Divisions now stationed on the Karelian Isthmus.
February 1st would mark the start of the new offensive with a massive bombardment of the Mannerheim line with the first 24 hours consisting of the firing of 300.000 Shells into the Mannerheim line. Finnish fortifications would already be heavily softened as when Frontal Assaults ended in December the bombardments would not! These bombardments would begin to exhaust Finnish resolve as their day was filled with endless shelling only for them to have to stay up all night repairing their shelled structures. The Second Battle of Summa would see the breakthrough needed as the 7th and 13th Army broke through Finnish positions causing a domino effect as Soviet manpower overpowered the weary and tired Finnish forces across the Mannerheim line and soon both sides came to want peace which would be facilitated by Finnish Communist Hella Wuolijoki through the Swedish Ambassador of the Soviet Union. By March Soviet Forces had entered Viipuri and beachhead was established in the Gulf, Finns would ask for an armistice which would be declined by the Soviets to keep heavy pressure on the Finnish Government. With all hope lost of keeping the defense of Finland going without Franco-Anglo help the Finns would be forced to accept the terms stipulated by Moscow.
MOSCOW PEACE TREATY SIGNED:
- Annexed areas: Finnish Karelia, Salla, Petsamo, and the Gulf of Finland Islands[./pre] [pre]- Hanko Peninsula would be leased to the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics for 30 Years with an Annual Rent of 8 Million Marks.
- Equipment and Installations on ceded land would be handed to the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics: 75 locomotives, 2.000 railroad cars, and a number of Ships and Automobiles.
Soviet Land gained would exceed that originally demanded by them to the Finnish State causing many Soviets to regard it as a successful, but bloody campaign with the goal of securing a deeper buffer for Leningrad and cutting Finland off from the Arctic now achieved Comrade Stalin could rest his paranoia of battle in the North should the Volkist threat come.
WORKERS OF THE WORLD UNITE!
ТРУДЯЩИЕСЯ МИРА ОБЪЕДИНЯЙТЕСЬ!
|The Commonwealth of Australia of Vancouver Straits|
AUSTRALIA AT WAR...FOURTEEN-THOUSAND MILES AWAY
Across the Continent | September 1939
. . . Then came September. The policy of endless appeasement pursued by the U.K.'s Chamberlain and his French counterparts, with the approval of Australia's own government, had brutally failed. The Austrians and Czech had both fallen to Volkist domination, and the Polish were now victims of a lightning fast German onslaught. On the 3rd of September, the British government upheld its obligations to a defense of Poland and officially declared war on Germany. As Australia had not yet ratified the Statute of Westminster, the declaration was to automatically apply to it as well with the proclamation of the Governor-General.
》PRIME MINISTER MENZIES, Commonwealth of Australia 一 “Fellow Australians, it is my melancholy duty to inform you officially that in consequence of a persistence by Germany in her invasion of Poland, Great Britain has declared war upon her and that, as a result, Australia is also at war. No harder task can fall to the lot of a democratic leader than to make such an announcement. Great Britain and France, with the cooperation of the British Dominions, have struggled to avoid this tragedy. They have, as I firmly believe, been patient. They have kept the door of negotiation open. They have given no cause for aggression. But in the result, their efforts have failed and we are therefore, as a great family of nations, involved in a struggle which we must at all costs win and which we believe in our hearts we will win. What I want to do tonight is just to put before you, honestly, and as clearly as I can, a short account of how this crisis has developed.”
In a seventeen minute broadcast, the Prime Minister would describe in plain detail the series of unprovoked German aggressions leading to the outbreak of war on the European continent. Though shaken, the Prime Minister was clear in his resolve, emphasizing Australia's responsibility to uphold the imperial defense system, backed by values held sacred to Australians.
》PRIME MINISTER MENZIES, Commonwealth of Australia 一 “[...] Before I end, may I say this to you – in the bitter months that have come, calmness, resoluteness, confidence and hard work will be required as never before. This war will involve not only soldiers and sailors and airmen, but supplies, foodstuffs, money. Our staying power, and particularly the staying power of the mother country, will be best assisted by keeping our production going; by continuing our avocations and our business as freely as we can; by maintaining employment and, with it, our strength. I know that in spite of the emotions we are all feeling, you will show that Australia is ready to see it through. May God in his mercy and compassion grant that the world may soon be delivered from this agony.”
. . . . .
Commonwealth of Australia Gazette
PUBLISHED BY AUTHORITY
No. 63.] CANBERRA, SUNDAY, 3RD SEPTEMBER. [1939.
OUTBREAK OF WAR.
By His Excellency the Governor-
WHEREAS by the Defence Act 1903-1939 it is amongst other
By His Excellency's Command,
GOD SAVE THE KING !
Printed and Published for the GOVERNMENT of the COMMONWEALTH OF AUSTRALIA by
. . . . .
Unreluctant and unenthusiastic, Australians would now have to commit themselves to a nation at war. With an under-equipped army only consisting of several thousand full-time men, a navy with only a few dozen active vessels, an airborne force largely consisting of Great War era planes, and a populace already challenged by a decade of struggle, it is clear much work will have to be done before Australia is to rise to a contributing role in the war effort.
|The 大日本帝国 of Philanialle|
TOKYO, JAPAN — EAST ASIA
THE HEIR OF THE SON OF THE SUN!!!
| Japan’s most protected child was His Majesty’s son, Crown Prince Akihito; he lived away from his parents and siblings from the age of three in a house on the same grounds as the Palace, surrounded by four tutors, two governesses, three doctors and 60 servants. When His Highness turned five, he was allowed to meet children connected with noble Japanese families (which were chosen by the Palace itself), where Akihito only received visits from children on Saturdays. It is extremely unusual to see the Crown Prince appearing in public. His Highness was once taken to the Uyeno Park Zoo, hoping to inherit his father’s love of biology. During his walk, the Prince noticed that the zoo’s hippo had a tail, unlike the toy hippo; (as no one dared to stop His Highness) he threw pieces of paper where the sheep were. |
| Already at the age of six, the day began with His Highness waking up at 6:30 am sharp, where he meditated on his ancestors and bowed respectfully before a photograph of his parents. The Prince attends kindergarten only once every 15 days, where he learns to sing Japanese songs. But that life was about to end. His hair was shaved off. His navy blue uniform and cap with the cherry blossom emblem have received the finishing touches, all ready to start his school life. |
| Always to protect His Highness on the way to school, it would be necessary to put a police battalion always ready in the streets. The Imperial Household Ministry realized that this would be too expensive and chose the cheapest way to build a school on the same grounds as the Palace. Thus, a school was built containing twelve classrooms, auditorium, laboratories, music room, craft room, gymnasium, library, offices, cafeteria and living rooms. His Highness, with a smile on his face, crossed the Palace garden and then crossed a street to go to school. After six years, special teachers will be hired to give the Prince one-on-one classes in The Art of Becoming an Emperor. |
|The Neurepublik of New Provenance|
STAATSARMEE BUILDING — BERLIN, New Provenance
| Following the successful conclusion of the Polish Military Campaign in October of 1939, the newly-risen conflict between Germany, France and the United Kingdom and her colonies had scaled down. The success in Poland took Germany by surprise and the German High Command in Berlin spent a good few weeks adjusting battle plans for other countries, such as Denmark and Holland, to include the pioneering and game-changing Blitzkrieg strategy, which employs the use of combined arms warfare but primarily armored Panzer divisions to make the breakthroughs while using motorized and infantry units to guard the flanks and the rear in the rapid advance of the Panzer divisions. German air and sea operations against the U.K. in the North Sea were stepped up in October and November of 1939, most prominently with the sinking of the H.M.S. Courageous, a battlecruiser-turned-aircraft carrier in operation since the Great War. The media, both Western and German, dubbed the period of unexpected inactivity as "the Phony War". Of this "Phony War" Staatsminister for the Armed Forces Werner von Blomberg, a Heer General, reported in his diary, dated January 1940: |
Diese Zeit der Untätigkeit und des Mangels an Konflikten mag den Anschein erwecken, dass sie den Alliierten Zeit gibt, sich vorzubereiten, aber in Wirklichkeit erlaubt sie Deutschland nur, seinen bereits massiven technologischen, militärischen und psychologischen Vorsprung gegenüber den angeblich starken und geeinten alliierten Mächten noch zu vergrößern. Im September, bei der Hinrichtung von Fall Weiss, waren die Alliierten uneins und unvorbereitet, und Deutschland war stark, geeint und stand als ein mächtiger Staat hinter einer Partei und einem geeinten Führer. Jetzt, Monate später, ist Deutschland stärker, geeinter und durch unsere Siege in Polen gestärkt, und die Alliierten sind weiterhin uneinig und unvorbereitet, wie ihre kläglichen Versuche, uns über das Saargebiet anzugreifen, zeigen.
This period of inactivity and a lack of conflict may seem like it is allowing the Allies time to prepare, but rather it is only allowing Germany to widen its already massive technological, military and psychological lead over the allegedly strong and united Allied Powers. In September with the execution of Fall Weiss, the Allies were disunited and unprepared, and Germany was strong, united and standing as one powerful state, behind one party and one united leader. Now, months later, Germany is stronger, more united and invigorated by our victories in Poland, and the Allies remain disunited and unprepared, as is evident by their pitiful attempts to attack us through the Saar Region.
| However, following a 14 December meeting with Vidkun Quisling, the leader of the Volkist movement in Norway, the Chancellor turned his attention to Scandinavia. Convinced of the threat posed by the Allied Powers to the iron ore supply from Scandinavia to Germany, Heidler ordered the High Command to begin preliminary planning for an invasion of Norway. It was dubbed Studie Nord and called for a single army division. From 14 to 19 January, the Kriegsmarine - the German Navy - developed an expanded version of the plan that considered two key factors, those being surprise in order to reduce the threat of Norwegian resistance and British intervention, and the use of faster German warships rather than slower merchant ships as troop transports. The new plan called for a full army corps, a mountain division, an airborne division, a motorized rifle brigade and two infantry divisions. The plan was dubbed Operation Weserubung, or Weser Day. On 21 February, command of the operation was handed over to General Nikolaus von Falconhorst, of the German Wehrmacht. |
| The German invasion of Denmark would later be included into Operation Weserubung, since Denmark provided for a strategic staging area for operations in Norway. Planning and preparations continued through the latter part of February and the entirety of March, as well as in the early days of April. On 9 April 1940, German ambassador to Denmark Cecil von Renthe-Fink called the Danish Foreign Minister Peter Munch, requesting a meeting with him. Upon meeting, Renthe-Fink declared that German troops were moving in to protect the country from Franco-British attack, and demanded that all resistance stand down immediately, or Denmark would risk the bombing of Copenhagen. While the German demands were communicated, landing by ferry at Gedser and unopposed aerial landings at Aalborg, Storstrom Bridge and Masnedo Fortress, marking the first ever paratrooper-based attack in history. German forces would continue advancing through the country, with the Citadel in Copenhagen falling at 04:20 local time to reinforced battalion members of the 308th Regiment who landed in Copenhagen Harbour. German forces moved to capture the Danish royal family at Amalienborg Palace, but the King's Royal Guard repelled the first German attack, granting King Christian X the chance to confer with his officers. While discussions continued, several Luftwaffe formations dropped leaflets overhead, declaring OPROP! (proclamation) |
| The Danish Army Air Service was half neutralized by 05:25, with German fighters destroying ten Danish aircraft and seriously damaging another fourteen despite anti-aircraft fire, effectively neutralizing half of the Danish air forces. Faced with the explicit threat of a Luftwaffe bombing of Copenhagen, King Christian and the Danish government capitulated at 06:00 local time, marking the conclusion of the invasion of Denmark. It lasted less than six hours, making it the fastest invasion by Germany during the war so far. The invasion of Norway began at the same time, where in the morning of 9 April German forces targeted strategic locations in Norway from the air while German paratroopers secured locations in Oslo. Battles at sea occurred as the German Navy moved in to conduct amphibious landings along the Norwegian coastline. German naval forces were held up long enough to allow the Norwegian royal family and the Norwegian Parliament, as well as the national treasury, to flee northward by special train. |
| The clashes in Norway would be more significant in comparison to those in Denmark, with these battles serving as propaganda importance to both the Allies and Germany. Thanks to more balanced military personnel on both sides German forces slowed down slightly in their advance in comparison to the Polish and Danish Campaigns, but their advance was strong and unfettered nonetheless. Herga Fortress held off German attackers from 15 April to 5 May before finally capitulating to German forces, a propaganda defeat for the Allies. |
|The 大日本帝国 of Philanialle|
TOKYO, JAPAN — EAST ASIA
TOKYO PLANS FOR THE INDIES!
| Just watching, Tokyo-Rome-Moscow enjoys WWII on the fence. Japanese showed good and bad signs in the face of this war. Every newspaper in Tokyo carried headlines that read: |
“The only thing that won’t happen are military acts by the powers that terrorize the Dutch Indies . . . or even temporary protection criteria.”
| Japan would undertake to protect the Dutch Indies in such protection. After Japanese newspapers ran their headlines, Mr. HACHIRO ARITA, Foreign Minister, publicly announced to the international press with a certain air of importance: |
“As far as the South Seas are concerned, and especially with the Dutch East Indies, economically the Japanese Empire has a close and mutual relationship for the benefit of all. Tokyo is intensely concerned about the ongoing war in Europe, which could compromise the status quo of the Dutch Indies.”
| In the Dutch capital, Mr. EELCO NICHOLAS VAN KIEFFENS, Dutch Foreign Minister, being a rather thin man with a large nose, small chin, fine hair and tired eyes, invited Mr. ITARO ISHII, Ambassador of Japan to the Netherlands to say a few words: |
“The Dutch Indies do not need protection, but thanks for offering it.”
| However, Mr. JEAN CHARLES PABST, Dutch Ambassador to Japan, expressed gratitude to the Japanese Foreign Minister: |
“Thank you for maintaining the East Indies status quo.”
| Those denials weren’t what Mr. Arita would like to hear. In Washington, Mr. CORDELL HULL, U.S. Secretary of State, made a brief comment on the Indies: |
“This will be largely beneficial as there will be stability, peace and security not only in the Dutch Indies but throughout the Pacific. Tokyo and Washington have cordial relations.”
| But clearly these were just words spoken. For the Japanese the “New Order in Asia” is like the Monroe Doctrine for the Americans. For the world, the East Indies are the most valuable in terms of resources such as rubber and oil production. The Empire of Japan acquires about one-quarter of the Dutch colony’s oil. Exports from the East Indies are sugar, coffee, quinine, tobacco, copra, spices, livestock, wood, coal, tin, gold and silver that the Japanese can use. The large local population is a cheap labor for Japanese companies. If any nation took over this huge basin of precious resources, Tokyo would only be harmed. The loss of East India oil would result in a possible U.S. embargo, it would be horrible for the Japanese. But on the one hand, if the Japanese Empire took the East Indies, the New Order of Japan would come to fruition, the Japanese could even threaten Washington with a rubber and tin embargo. Where Tokyo would also have islands that would facilitate the attack on Singapore. the Japanese Empire would divide Hong Kong, Indochina, the Philippines from the West. |
| Such a careless man is Herr Heidler, when he invaded Holland he put ahead of Japan the chance to invade the West Indies — it looked like Herr Heidler might — could Japan have that chance? Possibly yes. Both Great Britain and France will only be able to intervene to a limited extent. According to American experts, who consider the Philippines an unsustainable region for a war, it is practically impossible for a fleet stationed in the Pacific to worry about fighting the invasion of the West Indies. America is too far from Asia for them to defend the Dutch colony. Japan now undoubtedly believes strongly in this perspective when Herr Heidler believed that British “pacification” could take place. The East India Army is reduced to a police force for the sole purpose of maintaining order among the natives. The Dutch navy would not be able to repel the Japanese fleet for a long period of time, although the invaders foolishly attacked far from home. The Japanese fleet is more prepared for war than the Imperial Army. If the U.S. Secretary of State’s warning is just an illusion, and some observers hope that Japan will one day stop causing crises when there are no police around. If that happens, the angry cop will be the U.S. — as the West knows, Japan considers the Pacific its focus. |