by The Unified People's Federation of SOUTH OLPEN. . 165 reads.

Overview of South Olpen

[floatright][box][center][b]The Unified People’s Republic of South Olpen[/b]



[b]Motto: [/b]Pax et Bonum Faustum 
(Peace and Prosperity)

(South Olpen in green)

[b]Population:[/b] 992,672,000
[b]-Density:[/b] 110 people mi² 

[b]Capital:[/b] Constitution City
[b]Largest City:[/b] Scezonia

[b]Official Language:[/b] None at the federal level
[b]National Language:[/b] Olpenese, Creole French, French, 
English, Brazilian, Native Languages 
[b]Demonym:[/b] Olpenese

- Chamber Minister: Damien Jordan
- Senate Speaker: Senator Harriet Johnson
- Speaker of the Executive Chamber: Minister 
Eugène Albert
- Chief Justice: Justice Maximilian Fournier

- Upper House: Chamber of Ministers
-Lower House: Senate

[b]Establishment:[/b] from (Second Olpenese Empire)
Independence: 1903

[b]Land Area:[/b] 8.987 million mile²
                        14.463 million km²
Water Area:  173 thousand km²
Water %: 1.2%

Highest Point: Mt. Esmeralda
Lowest Point: La Vallée de la Bonne Fortune

[b]GDP (nominal):[/b] $51,247,900,000,000.00
[b]GDP (nominal) per capita:[/b] 41,604

[b]Human Development Index (NS Version):[/b] 88.64

[b]Currency:[/b] Olpenese Buck

[b]Time Zone:[/b] +1, UTC, -1, -2, -3

[b]Drives on the:[/b] Left

[b]Calling code:[/b] +52

[b]Internet TLD:[/b] .so

[b]Date Format:[/b] DD/MM/YY
[size=200][b]The Unified Peoples Republic of South Olpen[/size][/b]

The Unified People’s Republic of South Olpen(U.P.R.S.O. or UPRSO), commonly known as the South Olpen (S.O. or SO) or Olpen, is a country primarily located in the Olpenese continent . It consists of 47 federal provinces, 13 federal districts, one major unincorporated territory, 387 Indian reservations, and some minor possessions. At 14.4 million square kilometers(8.9 million square miles), it is the world's second largest country by total area. South Olpen is an island nation, and therefore is bordered entirely by the Atlantic. The nation shares meritime borders with The King Isle, Brazil, America, and a variety of Western African states. With a population of more than 992 million, it is the third most populous country in the world. The national capital is Constitution City, Constitution City and the most populous city is Scezonia.

Paleo age South Americans immigrated over the Gretchen-Talos land bridge 1,800 years ago, and European colonization first occurred in the mid 14th century. The unified republic emerged from France as the 14 Colonies Olpenaises de France and from England the English Colonies in the Southern Isles established on the East and West Coasts respectively. Corporate disputes with France led to big business revolting and installing a puppet emperor. In order to get to the new world through the West Coast led to a corporate invasion of that side of the island. In the early to mid 18th century’s, South Olpen has gradually been expanding inwards from the coast. This frequently led to mini wars with native Olpenese over the previous land, which near almost ended in a federal victory. This led to a massive decrease in the population of natives, from 48% of the population to 12% by 1800. Despite the immoral acts, the nation did expand. It went from 26 states during the unification of the east and west in 1765 to 38 states and 18 districts by 1807. Slavery was legal until 1810, when the Décret sur la Loi sur L'esclavage was passed outlawing slavery. In 1833, South Olpen proved its efficacy by easily defeating Brazil and half of South America. A fascist takeover was successfully implemented in 1883 and fell apart by 1910 hailing the second republic. The nation were on the allies in World War 1 and World War 2, and that further proved the strength of the nation. The country’s first taste of Cold War era competition was the Brazilian Civil War, where the United States and the USSR fought a proxy war in Brazil. The war was ended when Olpenese troops liberated the nation from occupation and transitioned it into a fledgling democracy. The nation was also a competitor in the Space Race. The Olpenese Space Agency (OSA) was the second to make it to the moon after the United States.

South Olpen is the founder of the Pact of Ribbons and Steel, the Interfactional Global Conference Association, and possibly a highly secretive military research sharing group. The nation has confounded the Global Alliance, the World Treaty Orginization, and to some extent the Restoration Alliance. South Olpen is widely considered a melting pot in a similar vain to America. The nations culture has been molded by years of international cooperation, immigration, and trade. The nation ranks high in quality of life, equality, democracy, and wealth as well as ranking low in poverty, homelessness, forced unemployment, and other nasty statistics. South Olpen has also received its fair share of criticism due to machievelianist nature, alliances with semi fascist nations, and recently its stance on the Galapagos occupation.

South Olpen is a highly advanced first world nation, and what some would consider a superpower. Liberal estimates say that SO might be responsible for 1/4 of the global GDP. By monetary value, SO is the 3rd largest importer and the 2nd or 3rd biggest exporter. South Olpens population makes up for 11.2% of the population, while contributing 27% of the global GDP, the largest share of any nation. South Olpens culture, science, and ideals have spread across the world.

[url=INSERT-FACTBOOK-URL#Ety]1 Etymology[/url]
[url=INSERT-FACTBOOK-URL#Hist]2 History[/url]
[url=INSERT-FACTBOOK-URL#Geo]3 Geography[/url]
[url=INSERT-FACTBOOK-URL#Demo]4 Demographics[/url]
[url=INSERT-FACTBOOK-URL#Pop]4.1 Population[/url]
[url=INSERT-FACTBOOK-URL#Lan]4.2 Language[/url]
[url=INSERT-FACTBOOK-URL#Reli]4.3 Race[/url]
[url=INSERT-FACTBOOK-URL#City]4.4 Largest Cities[/url]
[url=INSERT-FACTBOOK-URL#Govt]5 Government[/url]
[url=INSERT-FACTBOOK-URL#FRM]5.1 Foreign Relations and Military[/url]
[url=INSERT-FACTBOOK-URL#Econ]6 Economy[/url]
[url=INSERT-FACTBOOK-URL#Cult]7 Culture[/url]
[url=https://www.nationstates.net/page=create_dispatch/category=1#Infra]8 Transportation[/url]
[url=https://www.nationstates.net/page=create_dispatch/category=1#ALT]8.1 All Road Transportation[/url]
[url=https://www.nationstates.net/page=create_dispatch/category=1#OA]8.2 Olpenese Aviation[/url]
[url=https://www.nationstates.net/page=create_dispatch/category=1#rail]8.3 Rail[/url]
[url=https://www.nationstates.net/page=create_dispatch/category=1#energy]9 Energy[/url]


South Olpen (Ul-pin) has changed its name several times over the course of history. Initially, the name Olpen came from a type of tree in the region, the Olpen Maple. This changed when the fascist dictatorship was being pushed back. As time moved on, their was a stalemate on the Fleuve de Bonne Fortune and the Mur de South Olpen so a treaty was signed. As part of this treaty, the sides renamed themselves North Olpen and South Olpen as too not upset the other. The peace changed in WW1 when NO invaded South Olpen and was defeated. The name of South Olpen stuck as it was a sign of the nations stance against fascist incursions.

The standard way to refer to a citizen of South Olpen is as an Olpenese.


[b][u]Pre History (2900 BCE - 1900 BCE[/u][/b]

It has widely been accepted that the first immigrants who initially populated the land mass that would become South Olpen came across from the Gretchen Talos Land Bridge, named after the couple who initially proposed the bridge, from South America. The bridge existed during the Ice Age and was the only way for direct immigration since the area since the nations initial split from the mainland.
[i]Prehistoric cave art found 
in a cave in the Greater Scezonia Area.[/i][/align][/box][/floatleft]
The people of these times were hunter gatherers like those on every other continent. They had developed all manner of tools by the time they started to organize into true governments, including arrowheads, spearheads, and fishing hooks. The people of primitive South Olpen were probably extremely adept at archery due to the large amount of birds that they seem to have hunted.

The people of these years lived in caves and other natural shelters. They made some of the most magnificent cave paintings ever seen, with many being closed off to the public. Some of these caves have been matriculatecy recreated for the public consumption.  

Archiolegists and sciensts have very little to go off on regards to this era. It is generally accepted that the Age of Civilization in South Olpen starts with the discovery of the first written language in 1900 BC. The period after the birth of Olpenese civilization the form of city states and proto empires.

[b][u]Age of Civilization (1900 BCE - 1300 BCE[/u][/b]

The Age of Civilization is widely accepted to have stereos 1900 BCE to 1300 BCE. The beginning of civilization for this context is placed at the development of the first language of the Olpenese continent. This time happens to match the creation of the first major city state, that being Themeserial. The governments of this age were usually either military states, technocratic states, and absolute monarchies.

Over time, indigenous cultures in South Olpen grew increasingly complex, and some, such as the pre-Mittilianin culture in the southwest, developed advanced agriculture, architecture, and complex societies. The city-state of Gernosio is the largest, most complex pre-Mittilianin archaeological site in the modern-day Olpenese nation. In the Southern Ranges region, ancestral Khuharski culture developed in opposition to both the Racjon and Gernosio. 

[floatleft][box] [img]https://i.ibb.co/hHRYMsD/EB5-FC3-CE-8-E13-450-F-AA1-B-AC1-EA90-DB9-F5.png[/img][align=center][i]Extent of Gernosio 
(estimated) in orange.[/i][/align][/box][/floatleft]

The Age of Civilization is generally known to have ended in 1300 - 1250 BCE. The age ended as the Gernosio city-state took over the neighboring cities. This created the Gernosio Empire, controlled by the Grand Emperor of the Island, king of the empire. The long lived Gernosio Empire created a prescident for grand, continent spanning empires. This cemented the end of the Age of Civilization.

[b][u]Age of Native Empires (1300 BCE - 670 BCE)[/u][/b]

The Age of Native Empires began in the 1350s BCE with the empire of Gernosio, and ended in 600 BCE with the Great Collapse. The ages societies were still mainly monarchies, theocracies, and military states, with some limited democracies beginning before the Collapse. Limited innovations in technology, agriculture, as well as mathematics and science did take place, with the most noticeable of these being the large irrigation systems that long lived empires were able to create.

Even if Gernosio began the fad of large and powerful empires, they were not alone in the creation of them. The north eventually rose birth to the Hofler Empire which grew to take over the north and rule it for 400 or so years, from 1100 BCE to 700 BCE. The Gernosio were merged with the Grexin in a personal Union. The Union was split apart decade later by the Brotherhood of 8, an alliance of eight southern and eastern tribes. The Brotherhood held dominance for 500 years, from 1000 BCE to 500 BCE. The East and West never had any major empires, as they have less advantages than the north and south.

The culture of this era was mainly religious based. There are artifacts that paint a picture of a moon worship religion in the South, and of a river based religion in the North. The age saw great advancements in architecture, with impressive works such as temples and palaces. Agriculture experienced great innovations, mainly irrigation systems that proved useful in farming, as well as impressive development in the field of artificially selecting crops.

[b][u]Great Collapse (670 BCE - 210 BCE)[/u][/b]

The Great Collapse came immediately after the Age of Native Empires. Most all reputable historians believe there was only 3 years in between the Age of Native Empires and the Great Collapse. The Great Collapse began as an unknown foe, likely natives from Brazil, attacked, looted and destroyed the great empires. Following this, the populace entered a dark age that limited cities to their capital and maybe 1 or 2 others.
[floatleft][box] [img]https://i.ibb.co/CMPkLVR/BDA8-C342-7679-46-F9-8-B04-05-CE3370-CE07.jpg[/img][align=center][i]Ruins of Ïtelga, largest city of the 
Brotherhood of 8 after Brazilian attacks.[/i][/align][/box][/floatleft]

The technology and culture of this era significantly regressed due to the lack of trade, and therefore the exportation of ideas. Religion took a back stage to survival, as advanced techniques died with their users in the attacks. The Brazilians burned all crops, meaning that advancements in artificial selection were mostly reset. Architecture was no longer any sort of priority as no city had the capital to dream of such feats as those before them could.

The only light was the Receniâns in terms of development. Although small, only about 3 cities and 19 10 man trade outposts, the Receniân peoples were rich and had plentiful resources. They took advantage of their extremely fertile land and their large reserves of fish. Using this, they traded food, fish, and small amounts of luxury goods to vain kings. They were able to construct the largest buildings on the continent with luxury goods. They were also the first democratic system on the continent.

The Collapse era came to an end when the Receniâns began building a strong standing army able to rebuild civilization. The Receniân army attacked neighboring cities and shared there prosperities with them. Due to the technological and wealth advantage, no nation was able to stand up to the nation, and so many nations opened there gates voluntarily. These cities were benefited when they were able to use Receniân technology to build their own wealth. Soon, they became the largest nation on the continent ever, challenged only by the modern country.

[b][u]Pax Receniân (210 BCE - 420 CE)[/u][/b]

The Pax Receniân is the period of peace and prosperity that came after the Great Collapse. The Pax Receniân translates to English as the Receniân Peace. The period came due to the conquest and collapse of every other state following the Great Collapse. The Receniâns so easily defeated their neighbors as they were the only state to have a large standing army, as well as the fact life was better for most people under Receniâ.

Receniâ began as a theocracy, but by the time their influence had begun to spread, they became a limited theocratic democracy. This meant that all men who served in the military a deer of age, as well as all priests could vote in democratic elections for any citizen of their choice. All historians are quick to point out that this wasn't a real democracy as only about 12% of the population could vote, but this was still a turning point. [floatright][box] [img]https://i.ibb.co/5RqGjWd/0-C77-DD4-E-577-E-48-ED-BB07-5-A2-B1985-CE95-2.png[/img]
[align=center][i]Receniâ was a continent-spanning empire, 
Receniân Empire in purple, puppets in pink [/i][/align][/box][/floatright]
The Receniân peoples were prosperous, so much that in time cities which the Receniâns couldn't conquer began submitting voluntarily. Most of these cities became puppet states which control the local area. These States would ultimately be under Receniân control, but technically had independent governments that held nominal authority. Most of these states are islands that the army couldn't have invaded with the technology at the time. 

Being such a massive State, the Receniân empire had a large number of subdivisions. The districts include Receniâ Prime, Gernosio, Yetina, and many others. These districts were ruled by governors who were appointed by the leader. Some cities were inside of States, these had local democratic systems rather reminiscent of modern city political structures.

The Pax Reeceniân never truly ended until the first invasions by Europeans in the 15-16th centuries. However, a major change did occur in the 420s. Natives from Brazil once again This time, though, the attacks failed as Receniâ’s army far outmatched any army the Brazilians could send. This began the Era of Skirmishes, 90 years where Brazillian attacks were put down repeatedly until the Brazilians gave up.

[b][u]Era of Skirmishes (420 CE - 510 CE)[/u][/b]

As previously stated, the Pax Receniân is technically considered to end as soon as Brazilian forces stepped foot on the Recenián Empire. The initial large-scale land attacks were pushed back repeatedly until Brazil settled for a hit-and-run strategy. These attacks were manageable until the West Africans began attacking as well, ultimately adopting a similar strategy.

[floatright][box] [img]https://i.ibb.co/L0g1XbK/43-AFD1-E2-021-F-4-E58-AA3-D-FD72-D784181-D.jpg[/img]
[align=center][i]Artistic representation of one of the deadliest 
battles, that being the Battle of Gernosio[/i][/align][/box][/floatright]

Life for the average Receniân was harsh during this era. Due to the conscription of teens, average life expectancy dropped by as much as 70% to 80%. There was also severe rationing as the attackers destroyed the farmland troops could have used to farm on their own. Despite this, the state was ever-growing with more and more children being born.

Life on the Western Front was very harsh and dangerous. Even with the diversion of food to the war effort, there still wasn't very much to go around. No matter where the Army set up, they were vulnerable to hit-and-run attacks. Other than battles, there was also the threat of death by disease. Especially the so-called Aqua Death, a horrific disease contracted by ingesting tainted water and infected wounds, a disease thought to be an advanced case of a rash, but that can easily become deadly.

The era ended in 513 CE, when the first Receniân force attacked Brazil. The individual attack went no where, but the invasion stopped Brazilian attacks once for all. After the Era of Skirmishes, the area entered the second Pax Reveniâ, sometimes known as the Receniân Golden Age. This was because war innovations could be repurposed for civilian lives.

[b][u]The Second Pax Receniân / The Receniân Golden Age (510 CE - 770 CE)[/u][/b]
[i]One of the many gold 
artifacts from this era[/i][/align][/box][/floatleft]
The end of the Era of Skirmishes brought new innovations to the civilian world such as medicine, new domesticated and tamed animals, and a greater understanding of farming and agriculture. These developments got the ball rolling on many more discoveries, who many that some consider it the most advanced place on Earth at the time, perhaps beat only by China.

Art was a main benefactor of the golden age. Renewed interest in arts and literature sprung up with the bounty of extra time the elite and soldier class had. This created an artisan class that existed solely to serve the beauty lust that the upper class had. Statues like that to the right were common, single estates having thousands of these small gold figures.

Even if the golden age mainly benefitted the wealthy, there were also increases in quality of life for almost everyone. After fierce debate in the legislature, women were allowed to vote. There were also a slew of infrastructure projects, many of which were still active by the time Europeans came. There were also new canals to support the now very advanced irrigation systems.

There was also a revolution in the field of religion. While the state religion, today known as Receniânism, was still most popular, the government allowed the creation of offspring cults. Many were devoted to specific gods from the normal religion, some were based around peoples who said they were the incarnation of gods, and those who had entirely different pantheons.

[b][u]Period of Calm (770 CE to 1300 CE)[/u][/b]











[u][b][anchor=City]Largest Cities[/anchor][/b][/u]
[table][tr][td]Rank[/td][td]City[/td][td]Metro area population[/td][td]State[/td][/tr]



[b][u][anchor=FRM]Foreign Relations and Military[/anchor][/b][/u]




[center][b][u]Economic Indicators[/b][/u][/center]
[b]Fiscal Year:[/b] 
[b]GDP (nominal):[/b] 
[b]GDP (nominal) per capita:[/b] 
[b]Labor Force:[/b] 



[b][u]Literature, philosophy, and visual arts[/u][/b]
[floatleft][box] [img]https://i.ibb.co/BcN95Wy/FE10-EB38-55-A7-41-DE-9775-BF095-CDF5-E3-F.jpg[/img][align=center][i]Cleménce Lero, romantic 
and comedic author and 
writer of [u]A Thousand Feet 
Up And You’re Still With Me[/u][/i][/align][/box][/floatleft]
South Olpen has, for a very long time, been at the epicenter of Western literature. By the 1970s, 78% of Scezonia Literature Review and 68% of New York Times bestsellers came from South Olpen or Olpenese authors. Famous historical authors include Cleménce Lero, Vivien Villeneuve, and Elliot Beaulie. The nation, these authors especially, focus on “underdog tales.”Poetry is also a respected form of art, with some incredibly famous works of poetic buety coming from South Olpen. Famous poets include Jean Cristoph, Antoinette Poulin, and Aline Bélanger. The most famous Olpenese book is probably A Thousand Feet Up And You’re Still With Me, where two newlyweds travel the world and one of them gets lost.

Philosophy in South Olpen, as in most other modern nation-states, is mostly only important with the upper class and snobs. Their is no unified theory for Olpenese philosophy, but their are only a handful of major players who do have their own philosophies. Among the most successful are Chloé Armani, a a staunch believer in utilitarianism,  Ava Greene, a diehard idealist, and William Burnside, a believer in Hedonism. Most major philosophers are female, but there is no kind of stigma against male philosophers. From recent actions, it appears that the state itself supports a theory of utilitarianism, but this does not dissuade the opponents of the theory from fighting it. Some go as at to call the theory “fake philosophy” because the viewpoint allows innocent civilians to be killed with no remorse.
[i]Chloé Armani, philosopher and stateswoman. 
Famous for utiliatarian views.[/i][/align][/box][/floatright]The nation only very recently had an independent style of visual art. Until the the 1910s, the Olpenese visual arts were based on European standards. That changed when “the Davinci of South Olpen” Oriane Lavoie began his work. His art was same thing he called “mind work.”  According to Lavoie, it was a form of art that just allows the mind to make the brush move with only the loosest of ideas and no restraint. Many have called this the first form of modern art, which is also very popular in the nation. [floatleft][box][img]https://i.ibb.co/DV2pVmB/8-AF54-B94-AF0-E-4597-A25-D-B384-BD7-D7-FEB.jpg[/img]
[i][align=center]Famous Mind Work piece, sold at 
16,980,000 dollars in 2031[/align][/i][/box][/floatleft]

Early settlers were initially introduced to the now national cuisine and foods by original Native Olpenese. Many of these meals were nuts, berries, vegetables, and early animals. Some individual meals were the potato, the Grenchen, and Henro seeds. These fruits, vegetables, and meats were mostly good but also incredibly nutritious. This formed the basis for the colonial diet. The natives also taught colonial how to most effectively grow foods in the wet, warm, but fertile lands.

The colonists combined these new and exotic foods with European meals and ingredients creating a distinct taste and texture of Olpenese food. Together, the foods had cultivated a meal like no others. Famous foods are Grenchen jugs, a food that combines Grenchen meat and a variety of vegetables and spices in a jug while the meat cooks. Another meal is the Henro Pie, a simple yet delicious pie that is made of the large, fiberous Henro seeds.
[floatright][box] [img]https://i.ibb.co/qWJdpDq/0-B7514-AB-87-E1-4-ED1-BBBA-D3-E3-F453790-B.jpg[/img]
[i]Grenchen, a famous Christmas food in SO.[/i][/box][/floatright]
South Olpen’s foods are relatively healthy. There is a high sugar tax and fast food restaurants must restrict the caloric and fat contents of their meals to sell anywhere in the country. Fast food chains, however, are still relatively common throughout the country. Any chains must disclose readily the dangers of excess fast food intake and explain all dietary factors in their meals.

[b][u]Music[/u][/b] [align=center][floatleft][box][img]https://i.ibb.co/7SSFRVv/3473-D0-E4-5711-40-D2-B090-36-E7-AF8-CB648.jpg[/img]
[i]Constitution City Music Hall, the most esteemed 
opera and music hall in the Sourthern hemisphere.[/align][/i][/box][/floatleft] The nations first great composer was a blind man named Frederick Antofino. Antofino was born in Scezonia and went to the Olpenese Institute for Composition and the Musical Sciences, where he learned how to master the piano and violin. He studied in classical music, but transitioned into his own unique style combining the best of everything. Most call him the greatest composer of the South, even within his own time. He is famous for his lyricless compositions and his various Christian based songs.

The greatest music the award is the Crest of the Audible Arts. The award is given out whenever a CAA association agent believes a song deserves it. This makes it incredibly rare as there is no rule saying one must be given out per year. From the CAA associations founding in 1899, only 51 awards have ever been given, with that number decreasing every year. The chairman of the foundation is Thomas Addin, an 8-time winner of the crest. He is the person with the single highest number of awards ever.

Olpenese music is globally recognized as some of the finest in the world. Many Olpenese artists have won awards other than the Crest, including the Golden Globe, the Grammys, and many #1 spots on music lists. Among all the world, Olpenese songs are most famous in the US and East Europe. No one has submitted a proper theory on this. It is currently just assumed that they like the music that Olpenese artists produce.


[align=center][floatright][box] [img]https://i.ibb.co/5FMp1jn/DF953-F8-C-6-A26-475-D-A480-22-E2-D1-A4-DF86.jpg[/img]
[i]Old Chapel Studios, famous Olpenese 
cinematic production studio. [/align][/i][/box][/floatright]

Kardiana, a city in the nations South West, is a leading city when it comes to cinematic production. The city produces roughly 31 movies a year depending on how you count it. Major studios include Old Chapel Studios, Srender Production Co. (Division of Old Chapel), Forward Production (Division of Old Chapel), and United Hitter.

As you can see above, Old Chapel Studios has a near monopoly on film in Sourh Olpen and even to a extent the world. The studio has gotten so big that calls are even being made for it's breakup under the 1987 Monopoly Act. For the time being though, every court case against Old Chapel failed due to the existence of other studios that pose a chance, notably United Hitter.

Director Charlette Frenod, a Brazillian-Olpenese producer, director, and actor during the color film era, has had a critical role in developing Olpenese cinematic establishments. He founded the now disregarded Fenrod Protocol for Ratings which instituted protocols for how movies would rate their films in regards for age recommendation. Kirk Herson, founder of Old Chapel Studios and producer for all OCS films until his death in 1950, was also a major player in developing the Olpenese concept of family films. He began the Age of the Studio in which the system of financing changed to a corporatized version. Up until that point, wealthy benefactors had been sponsoring directors of their choice directly in exchange for limited creative control. Jack Spine, founder of Sunrise Medias, (Sunrise Medias was the original name of United Hitter) revolutionized the idea of action films and book/comic adaptations.

Major pieces of film from South Olpen include The Jubilee (1933) by Thomas Taylor, A Thousand Feet Up And You’re Still With Me (1937) by Andy Paul, The Misadventures of the Family Fletcher (1949) by Paul Crenis, What Did I Do To Deserve You (1956) by Thomas Taylor, and The Glorious Escape of Col. Frederick on (1961). 


[i]Tree Ball field, according to the 
Tree Ball Championship Comitee[/align][/i][/box][/floatright]

By far, the most popular sport in South Olpen is Tree Ball. The Tree Ball League has had the most views of any sport for 76 years, overtaking football in 1959. The second most popular sport is football, then basketball and baseball. The Grand Tournament, the international tournament of tree ball is watched by hundreds of millions a year, and it produces 930 million dollars. Tree Balls largest organizer is the Tree Ball Championship Committee. The Committee receives 650 million dollars in tax rebates, cultural subsidies, and stadiums publicly owned and operated, but for exclusive use of the TBCC. Footballs largest organizer is the Olpenese Football League. The OFL is actually a division of the American NFL, and as such receives no subsidies. Basketball has 2 major leagues, the Olpenese Basketball Tournament and the Multi City Basketball Organization. Together they receive about 75 million. Baseball is organized by the League of Olpenese Baseball, and receives limited funding, yet no public stadiums are built for the sport. The most popular single player sports are skiing and golf, with them collectively getting 19 million dollars yearly.

South Olpen has hosted 13 Olympic Games, with its first being in 1916, being the first ever in the Southern Hemisphere. As of 2032, South Olpen has won 1,096 Olympic gold medals, only second to the United States. The nation has won 1,230 silver medals and 1,210 bronze medals. In total, this puts South Olpen at 3,536 medals the greatest number of medals ever held by a single nation. South Olpen has won 260 medals in the Winter Olympics and has hosted 1 event of the Winter Olympics. An array of believed Olpenese sporting events have come from Europe, but their have been a number of home made sports. Tree Ball was born and raised in South Olpen, along with Olpenese handball and Flip. Doxing was a creation of the Yetina Tribe, while Chien et Race Humaine was born in the greater tribal regions of the nation.

[size=150][b][u][anchor=Infra]Transportation [/anchor][/size][/b][/u]

 [b][u][anchor=ALT]All-road Transportation[/anchor][/u][/b]
Throughout South Olpen, driving is the second most common mode of transportation. For those who do drive a car, electric power is the norm. Most experts believe this is because of the heavy subsidization for electric vehicles and the high tax on petroleum products, including gasoline. There is an advanced road system spanning 7 million miles, much of the system is relatively new with the majority of roads being remodeled in the 2020s. Car ownership in SO is nothing special, with there being 521 motor vehicles per 1,000 people.

[anchor=OA][b][u]Olpenese aviation[/u][/b][/anchor]
South Olpen’s civil airline industry is entirely state-owned or state-subsidized. The 2nd and 4th largest airlines by passengers carried are Olpenese, those being SOAir, and Air Libertana. Olpenese passenger jets entirely run on carbon-free biofuels. The national policy on foreign planes is that, once they land on Olpenese soil, they must abide by Olpenese laws. The Federal Aeroplane Commission is responsible for enforcing Olpenese aviation law.

[floatleft][box] [img]https://i.ibb.co/mvygkfm/BEDE1217-6008-4104-81-C1-62569-BA807-C6.jpg[/img]
[align=center][i]Turner reactor, the largest and most efficient 
nuclear energy facility in the nation.[/align][/i][/box][/floatleft]

South Olpen is home to the longest rail system on the planet. The Olpenese rail system a made up almost entirely of bullet trains, especially those that connect major cities. All rail lines connect to the main railroad of the nation, the Trans Atlantic Rail Line. This line is the pride and glory of the Olpenese rail system as it is the most used rail line ever. The TARL connects the two hemispheres through South Olpen.

South Olpen relies entirely on nuclear and other clean and renewable energy sources. The nation uses 303 billion kilowatts yearly. The total electricity output of the nation is about 341 billion kilowatts. The majority of this electricity is used in the top 12 most populace cities. It is estimated that each citizen uses about 66 kilowatts a day.

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