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by The African Republic of Mombombu. . 573 reads.

The Constitution of Africa

The Constitution
of
Africa

Drafted by Mombombu, Zeo, & United Faiths
Revised by Lower Nubia, The mediterranean netherlands,
& Mombombu
Ratified by The Third Continental Congress of Africa
28th November, 2020


Preamble
WE, the people of Africa, in order to form a more inclusive region, establish a responsible government, secure our region from those who would seek to defile it, and ensure both consistency and accountability in governance for ourselves and our posterity, hereby establish this Constitution of The Region of Africa.

Article 1: Constitutional Formatting and Amendments

This Constitution, in order to be accessible to the widest number of people, as well as unambiguous, must be written and maintained in the following style:
This Constitution must be (1) written in basic English, (2) Out of Character, and (3) with a clear Article/Section/Subsection format. (4) Amendments to this Constitution must be ratified in the Continental Congress of Africa. (5) Maintenance of this Constitution may be performed jointly by the Founder, World Assembly Delegate, Homeland Officer, and Communications Officer.

  1. This Constitution must be written in basic English. This means avoiding any unnecessarily complicated, obscure, or poetic words or phrases.

    1. This is to provide clarity, and make this document readable for everyone.

  2. This Constitution must be written Out of Character.

    1. This is to prevent any confusion between Roleplay and Gameplay elements.

  3. This Constitution is formatted as Article/Section/Subsection/Number. The Article itself explains how government roles and responsibilities are to be carried out, while Sections elaborate to provide clarity. Sections are to begin with a number and subsections with a letter. For example, this is Article 1, Section 3.

    1. Subsections are to provide further clarity on the section. For example, this is Article 1, Section 3, Subsection A.

    2. Additional Example: Article 2, Section 3, Subsection A, 3b is: "Failure by the Gameplay Officer to put to vote valid proposals is grounds for impeachment."

  4. Amendments of this Constitution must be ratified in Congress. For an Amendment to be ratified, it must have unanimous approval in Congress.

  5. Maintenance of this Constitution must be performed jointly. Maintenance is defined as spell checking, adding Amendments that have already been ratified, and keeping this document in circulation. This responsibility is shared between the Founder, World Assembly Delegate, Security Officer, and Gameplay Officer.

Article 2: Powers and Positions of Government

There are three branches of the African Regional Government: (1) The Executive Branch, the (2) Electoral Branch, and (3) the Legislative Branch. The positions and powers of these three branches are detailed as follows.

  1. The Executive Branch is the Founder and his/her appointees. All Officers serve at the discretion of the Founder and can be dismissed at any point. In the event of an inactive Founder, the role of Executive falls to the WA Delegate. The Executive Branch is made up of the following:

    1. Founder: Executive in charge of domestic and foreign issues, including appointments of officers and administration of the region. The Founder has veto power over Congress.
      a. Executive, Appearance, Border Control, Communications, Embassies, and Polls.

    2. Security Officer: Officer in charge of security, enforcement, and intelligence.
      a. Border Control, Communications, and Polls.

    3. Discord Officer: Officer in charge of the regions Discord Server.
      a. Border Control.

    4. Gameplay Officer: Officer in charge of encouraging and managing region-wide gameplay. Also responsible for encouraging and recruiting new WA members.
      a. Communications, Embassies, and Polls.

    5. Roleplay Officer: Officer in charge of encouraging and managing region-wide roleplay. Also responsible for engaging and welcoming new nations into the region.
      a. Communications, and Polls.

  2. The Electoral Branch is the WA Delegate, Interim Delegate, and Vice-Delegate. They are elected every 6 months by the people of Africa. The Electoral Branch is made up of the following:

    1. WA Delegate: Delegate responsible for representing the region at the WA. As an elected representative, it is an equal member of government and check on the Founder. Endorsement of the Delegate by WA nations is mandatory.
      a. World Assembly, Executive, Appearance, Border Control, Communications, Embassies, and Polls.

    2. Interim Delegate: Role provided, and maintained, by the founder only while the winning candidate after the Delegate Election waits to accrue enough endorsements to become the World Assembly Delegate.
      a. Appearance, Border Control, Communications, Embassies, and Polls.

    3. Vice-Delegate: appointed to an existing Officer of the executive branch. Ancillary to the WA Delegate and is thus responsible for collaboration with the WA Delegate and general administrative affairs to the region.
      a. Appearance, Border Control, Communications, Embassies, and Polls

  3. The Legislative Branch is the African Congress. The Congress deals with issues regarding both Roleplay [RP] and Gameplay [GP], to distinguish [RP] and [GP], the [RP] branch is termed the African Continental Congress. Roleplay [RP] is defined as those actions between nations in a fictional setting, Gameplay [GP] is the running of the Region across website platforms.

    1. African Congress [GP]:

      1. Gameplay issues can only be Out of Character, including all proposals presented to the [GP] Congress.

      2. Gameplay issues, those of an Out of Character nature, need a supermajority of ≥60% to pass and be placed into law, the eligible voters will only be citizens of the Region of Africa, excluding the Founder - who cannot vote.

      3. Any nation of Africa, regardless of citizenship, may submit a proposal to Congress. In order to submit a proposal, a nation must publish it as a dispatch and send it to the Gameplay Officer, or World Assembly Delegate, who will then approve and publish it for a vote.

        1. The Gameplay Officer can veto a proposal only on the basis of unconstitutionality, formatting, or inappropriate content. The Gameplay Officer must provide a valid reason within these categories, if a valid reason is not provided however, the veto may be overturned by a simple majority (≥51%) from the Officers of the Electoral and Executive Branch.

        2. Failure by the Gameplay Officer to put to vote valid proposals is grounds for impeachment.

      4. The African Congress can propose legislation that encompasses the Out of Character utility or function of the African Continental Congress [RP].

      5. Proposals calling for the impeachment of an Officer of the Electoral, or Executive Branch require a supermajority of ≥80% from the Officers of the Electoral and Executive Branch to pass, with the targetted Officer(s) automatically abstaining.

        1. The Congress has the authority to impeach a World Assembly Delegate that has become inactive, abused the powers of their office, or otherwise betrayed the trust of the region. A supermajority of ≥60% is necessary to proceed with drafting impeachment proceedings before a final vote on impeachment, itself requiring a supermajority of ≥60% of the Congress to pass.

        2. Proposals for Impeachment cannot be vetoed by the named Officer(s).

        3. Impeached Officers are unable to be appointed the role they were removed from, the appointment of an impeached officer to their old office is itself grounds for impeachment.

      6. Legislation may be repealed through a repeal proposal. Repeal Proposals must present at least one reason that the legislation is inappropriate, inadequate, or harmful. Repeal legislation does not need to provide an alternative to the target legislation but must provide valid refutation(s).

    2. African Continental Congress [RP]:

      1. The African Continental Congress is an In Character (Roleplay) subdivision of the African Congress, which is exclusively In Character, this includes all proposals presented to the [RP] Congress, and the running of the congress itself through In Character legislation.

      2. Any nation in Africa may submit a proposal to the African Continental Congress. In order to submit a proposal, a nation must publish it as a dispatch and send it to the Roleplay Officer, or World Assembly Delegate, who will then approve and publish it for a vote.

        1. Legislation presented to the African Continental Congress may be vetoed by the Roleplay Officer for any valid Out of Character reason. If a valid reason is not provided however, the veto may be overturned by a simple majority (≥51%) from the Officers of the Electoral and Executive Branch.

        2. Failure by the Roleplay Officer to put to vote valid proposals is grounds for impeachment.

      3. Roleplay Proposals need a simple majority (≥51%) to pass to be placed into law, the eligible voters will be all nations in the Region of Africa, regardless of Citizenship, excluding the Founder - who cannot vote.

    3. Constitutional Amendments:

      1. Amendments to this Constitution must be submitted to the African Congress [GP], and must be labelled as an amendment before consideration.

        1. Amendments must state the rewritten Article or section in accordance with Article 1, Section 3. Failure to identify a section for amendment will be cause for the amendment being rejected.

      2. For an Amendment to pass, it must have both unanimous (100%) support of the Officers from the Electoral and Executive Branch, and requires a supermajority of ≥60% in the Congress to pass, once passed in both, a period of two days will follow before officially adding the amendment, or its stipulations, to the Constitution.

      3. The Founder has absolute veto power over the Congress concerning passed Constitutional Amendments, but cannot unilaterally remove an amendment once Officially added.

      4. In the event of an inactive Founder, the veto power in Article 3, Section C, Subsection 3, would fall to the World Assembly Delegate or Interim Officer.

    4. Archiving Legislation:

      1. All passed legislation both from the African Congress's Gameplay and Roleplay branches must be available through a dispatch pinned to Africa's World Factbook for all nations in the Region of Africa to readily and accessibly view.

Article 3: Elections

Elections for WA Delegate (1) shall be held every 6 months for a duration of 5 days and will be held between (2) any number of (3) eligible candidates and be decided by (4) eligible voters.

  1. Elections shall be held every 6 months. The dates for the elections shall be April 1-5 and October 1-5.

  2. Any number of candidates may run. There is no limit to how many people may run for office.

  3. The election shall be held between eligible candidates. In order to be eligible, a candidate must be a WA member and a citizen that has been in the region for a minimum of 6 months.

  4. Only eligible voters may vote in the election. Any citizen may vote in the election.

Article 4: Citizenship

Citizenship is the status (1) granted to residents who (2) meet the requirements and choose to engage fully in the African community. Citizenship grants citizens (3) privileges and rights unavailable to ordinary residents.

    Citizenship is granted to residents by one of several means.
    1. The most common way for a resident to obtain citizenship status is by taking and passing the regional citizenship test.

    2. The second most common way to obtain citizenship is for a WA member to endorse the current Delegate.

    3. A resident may also be appointed citizenship status by a simple majority (≥51%) of the Executive Branch.

    4. Honorary Citizenship is a ceremonial title bestowed exclusively by the Founder on foreign residents as a reward for exemplary service to Africa.

  1. Citizenship is granted only to those who meet the requirements. In order to be eligible for citizenship a resident must first meet one of the following requirements:

    1. A resident of Africa for at least 1 month.

    2. A WA member who has endorsed the current Delegate.

  2. Citizenship grants citizens privileges and rights unavailable to ordinary residents. A wide variety of privileges and rights are exclusive to citizens.
    These include:

    1. The right to vote.

    2. The right to hold public office.

    3. The right to run for public office.

    4. The right to hold land on the regional map.

This Constitution is the binding law of Africa. All residents regardless of influence or position, are subject to the rules and guidelines as described above.

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