“Unity, Discipline, Order”
|Category: Psychotic Dictatorship|
Regional Influence: Shoeshiner
Location: The Alliance of Dictators
The Dominion of Upper Nan is an authoritarian one-party state with a roughly English-like culture. It has no true parallel in reality, but if you're familiar with the Judge Dredd comics, then you can roughly imagine what it's like (not exactly 1:1, but similar enough). In terms of technology, there is a science-fiction element to what the Dominion is capable of, but outside of certain noteworthy examples, their technology is otherwise similar to our own.
Upper Nan has a very long history as a polity, originally starting as a confederation of tribes before evolving into a kingdom and then an empire. The empire was toppled when the last emperor was deposed and the United Republic of Nan was proclaimed. However, the republic was corrupt and unstable, and a civil war would see the country divided into two: Lower Nan and Upper Nan. While Lower Nan would suffer through a military junta before easing into democracy, Upper Nan's fortunes would be very different. The hated and long-distrusted republican government would eventually give way to the National Revolution, which brought the National Dominionist Party (later renamed 'National Dominionist Union') to power. The NDU proclaimed the Dominion, reinstated the royal family (though only as figureheads with limited power), and outlawed all other parties.
The NDU's ruling philosophy is referred to as "Dominionism," a syncretic political ideology inspired (in various parts) by real-world ideologies such as Justicialism, technocracy, Fascist syndicalism, national syndicalism, and corporatism--as well as the aforementioned Judge Dredd. The government's Charter (the word "constitution" is associated with the hated Republic and thus disdained) is heavily inspired by the Fascist Manifesto, the Charter of Carnaro, and the Twenty Peronist Tenets.
Government of Upper Nan
The Dominion of Upper Nan is a unitary, one-party, corporatist state. All political activity is entirely under the control of the ruling National Dominionist Union, with all other parties being outlawed. Whilst there are three identifiable branches of government, there is no official separation of powers in Upper Nan. In theory, all governmental and policy decisions flow directly from the Leader, however in practice, there are both formal and informal checks on executive power--though, the Leader is still by far the most powerful person in the country.
Executive: The executive branch is composed primarily by the Leader of Upper Nan and their Cabinet, the Council of Ministers. Ministers are chosen by merit via a civil-service process. According to the Charter, as head of state the monarch is also part of the executive branch, but their authority is extremely limited with all major decisions made by the Leader. The Leader is chosen by the Council of Ministers and serves for life. Furthermore, the monarch has the power to remove the Leader, but this has never happened and most legal experts believe that an attempt to do so would likely trigger a constitutional crisis. The ministries are:
Legislature: The legislative branch of Upper Nan is the bicameral Parliament, composed of the upper-house Chamber of Experts and the lower-house Chamber of Corporations & Syndicates. The Chamber of Experts is elected by universal suffrage for 3-year terms. The Chamber of Corporations & Syndicates is composed of representatives of the corporations and syndicates which make up Upper Nan's economy. Aside from the national parliament, the provinces and local districts have their own Citizens Assemblies which act as the bridge between the national government and the people.
Judiciary: The judicial branch is divided into the following hierarchy:
Court of Last Appeal: Supreme Court
Courts of Appeal: Court of Criminal Appeals and the Court of Civil Appeals
Provincial courts: Criminal Court, Civil Court, Labour Court
Trial courts: District courts
All judges are appointed by the Leader and serve for life or until retirement or removal.
The economy of Upper Nan is both syndicalist and corporatist. Private industry and market forces are allowed to function, but the State reserves the right to intervene whenever the national interest so requires. Each business is organized into a corporation based on its sector, and each corporation has a corresponding syndicate (or trade union) of workers within that industry. Membership in the corporations and syndicates is mandatory. Economic activity functions on the basis of tripartism: representatives of each corporation and syndicate negotiate with representatives of the government to reach contracts acceptable to all parties. The corporations are as follows:
Lawyers and Doctors
Seafarers & Fishermen
Chamber of Experts - Elected to a 3-year term by two-round runoff system. 440 members. Only candidates approved by the National Dominionist Union are allowed to run. Candidates are chosen both for their loyalty to the State and their technical expertise. While citizens have no choice in which candidates run, elections are otherwise free and fair; citizens can vote for whatever candidate they want within the (usually 3-4) choices offered by the NDU. Voting in Upper Nan is not mandatory, but is highly encouraged as the patriotic duty of all citizens. The CoE is responsible for legislation involving civil and criminal law, the police, war and the armed forces, education, culture, and provincial and district governments.
Chamber of Corporations & Syndicates - 60 members elected by the members of each corporation and syndicate for a 2-year term. Election laws are similar to the Chamber of Experts above. The CoCS is responsible for laws regulating business and commerce, labour, public services, transportation, trade, public works, and the medical and legal professions.
While the NDU is the only legal party in Upper Nan, it has various factions within it that each have their own interpretation of Dominionist ideology and government:
Moderate Dominionists - The largest faction. The Moderate, or Centrist, Dominionists are the least political and most technocratic faction, favoring pragmatism and the smooth functioning of society over the idealistic "society-building" of the other factions. They support a balanced approach to worker and business interests. They promote a pacifist and isolationist foreign policy.
Left Dominionists - The second-largest faction. The Left, or Left-wing, Dominionists hue closer to the syndicalist side of Dominionist ideology. They favor the interests of the working class over industrialists with increased welfare spending and more regulations on business. Most are also socially progressive, but this isn't universal. They promote an isolationist foreign policy, but are willing to support military intervention if it would benefit Upper Nan. Current Leader Oliver Huxley is a member of this faction.
Right Dominionists - The third-largest faction. The Right, or Right-wing, Dominionists are the most pro-corporate faction. They favor industrialists and advocate for decreased social spending and less regulations (though, they're still very paternalistic). Most are socially conservative, but there are also progressives and moderates among their ranks. In foreign policy, they're pro-military and interventionist, believing in spreading Upper Nan culture and ideals abroad.
Reformists - Second-smallest faction. The Reformists, also called Liberal Dominionists, are essentially Upper Nan's equivalent to liberal conservatives. They advocate moving towards a dirigiste economic model with less state control over the economy. They also support increased decentralization and democracy, but don't overtly promote a multi-party system. Socially moderate and culturally liberal (unlike the unabashed cultural nationalism of the other factions). They promote increasing trade with other nations and integrating Upper Nan into the international order.
Nationalists - The smallest and most radical faction. Despite their name, Nationalists are functionally state socialists (their name comes from their desire to nationalize all industry). The Nationalists are fervent supporters of the government's authoritarianism, arguing that it doesn't go far enough in silencing dissent and that the government has become too moderate (and complacent) since its establishment. Despite their far-left economic views, they are completely xenophobic and anti-immigration (even relative to the average Dominionist), advocating for an end to all immigration and the deportation of immigrants already in the country. They have no set social policy, with conservatives and progressives found in relatively equal number. Economically, they promote autarky and in foreign policy they advocate militarism and imperialism, believing that the National Revolution needs to be spread abroad for the good of Upper Nan. OOC Note: For Kaiserreich fans, just think of the Totalists and you've pretty much got it.