“ĦQue se rompan los martillos y se doblen las hoces!”
Regional Influence: Duckspeaker
The federal government is composed of three branches:
Legislative: The Congress, made up of the Senate and the House of Representatives, makes federal law, declares war, approves treaties, has the power of the purse,and has the power of impeachment, by which it can remove sitting members of the government.
Executive: The president is the commander-in-chief of the military, can veto legislative bills before they become law (subject to Congressional override), and appoints the members of the Cabinet (subject to Senate approval) and other officers, who administer and enforce federal laws and policies.
Judicial: The Supreme Court and lower federal courts, whose judges are appointed by the president with Senate approval, interpret laws and overturn those they find unconstitutional.
The House of Representatives has 344 voting members, each representing a congressional district for a two-year term. House seats are apportioned among the states by population every tenth year. States roughly have 20-28 representatives.
The Senate has 23 members elected at-large to six-year terms; one third of Senate seats are up for election every other year. The president serves a four-year term and has no limit to how many terms he can serve. The president is elected by indirectly by a modified system of the Electoral College. The Supreme Court, led by the Chief Justice of Prybourne, has nine members, who serve for life.
The state governments are structured in roughly similar fashion; Newley uniquely has a unicameral legislature. The governor (chief executive) of each state is directly elected. Some state judges and cabinet officers are appointed by the governors of the respective states, while others are elected by popular vote.
The original text of the Constitution establishes the structure and responsibilities of the federal government and its relationship with the individual states. Article One protects the right to the "great writ" of habeas corpus, The Constitution has been amended 13 times; the first 10 amendments, which make up the Bill of Rights, and the Fourteenth Amendment form the central basis of Prybourne's individual rights. All laws and governmental procedures are subject to judicial review and any law ruled in violation of the Constitution is voided.