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The Commonwealth of Osemira

“Multi ex gentibus, qui libertate.”

Category: Scandinavian Liberal Paradise
Civil Rights:
Excellent
Economy:
Good
Political Freedoms:
Good

Regional Influence: Shoeshiner

Location: The Western Isles

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The Commonwealth of Osemira (Wiki) <WIP>



The Commonwealth of Osemira
Overview - History - Culture - Government & Politics - Defense Forces - Economy



The Commonwealth of Osemira



Flag


Motto:
"Multi ex gentibus, qui libertate."
("From many peoples, one freedom.")


INSERT SMALL MAP OR ORTHOGRAPHIC
Location


Population: 29.68 million


Capital: Columbia
Largest City: Kingston


Official Languages: English, Russian, Japanese, Korean,
Mandarin Chinese, Doman, Modern Ioudaian


National Language: English



Demonyms: Osemiran/Osemiri

Government: Federal Parliamentary Democracy
- Chancellor: Cameron Barton
- Prime Minister: Michael Takemi
- Chief Justice: Carter Semba


Legislature:
- Unicameral Parliament: General Assembly


Establishment:
Confederation of the Osemiran Isles: 1811-1892
Osemiran Republic: 1901-1953
National Union of Osemira: February 23, 1953-1965
Commonwealth of Osemira: September 1, 1966 - Present


Land Area: <placeholder> mile▓
<placeholder> km▓
Water Area: <placeholder> km▓
Water %: <placeholder>


Elevation Extremes
Highest Point: Mt. Candor (3,788 meters/12,427 feet above sea level)
Lowest Point: North Mesder Sea (seal level)


GDP (nominal): O₺683.56 billion
GDP (nominal) per capita: O₺29,635


Human Development Index: 0.932 (very high)


Currency: Osemiran Lira (O₺), ~ $1.401


Time Zones:
Western Isles Time (WIT)


Drives on the: right


Calling code: +1


Internet TLD: .osm

Osemira, officially the Commonwealth of Osemira, is a federal, parliamentary social democracy in The Western Isles, located in the Four Passages in the North Mesder Sea. It shares maritime borders to the west with The Federated States of Domanania and The Kingdom of Ioudaia, to the northwest with The Realm of Serpens Land and The Realm of Westmoor Isles, and to the northeast with The Dominion of Nhoor. Osemira covers a total of <placeholder> square kilometers and has has a population of 29.68 million, as of the 2020 biennial census. Osemira comprises 14 provinces and 1 major territory, Makami; its three largest metropolitan areas are Kingston, Pacifica, and Columbia, the capital, which is allocated its own special administrative subdivision in the form of the Capital District.

Tracing its origins back to the various city-states of the Homes Islands, the modern Commonwealth was established following the Revolution of 1965, which overthrew the nation's oppressive military junta, the National Union. Since then, the nation has risen to become a major player in the Mesder, with regionwide ambitions. Today, the nation seeks to expand its influence across the Isles, with the aim of improving the quality of life for all inhabitants of the region by spreading its ideals of democracy, human rights, and personal liberty, and by providing humanitarian aid and assistance to those in need.

The current Barton-Takemi government is primarily focused on social reform and foreign policy, and for the most part has mostly delivered on these promises, with the historically neutral nation taking a more active stance in international politics in the Mesder, and with reforms improving the lives of traditionally marginalized groups and leading to better treatment of the nation's large immigrant population. However, many infrastructural and energy issues continue to pose a prominent and pervasive challenge, and the populace is increasingly divided along cultural wedge issues, leading to increased street violence as grassroots political groups vie for influence.



Etymology

When noted explorer and adventurer Francis Tarleton led the first expedition to the islands in the late 17th century, he was awestruck by the natural beauty of this harsh and (to his knowledge) unsettled land, and he named it "Osemira", after a mythical princess from a contemporary Noronnican romance novel that has since has been lost to time.

As more and more settlers arrived on the islands and began to develop local societies, the name stuck, and has been used to refer to the region ever since.

The nation's motto, "Multi ex gentibus, qui libertate", refers both to the nation's history as a confederation of independent territories prior to unification in the early 20th century and to its long-time status as a haven for immigrants and refugees, as well as the nation's high regard for personal freedom, roughly translating as "From many peoples, one freedom" in Latin.

The standard way to refer to a citizen of Osemira is as an "Osemiran", although the more archaic "Osemiri" is used in a plural sense, as well as to add variety in other contexts. The landmasses on which the nation resides are traditionally referred to as the "Home Islands".



History

DESCRIBE HISTORY



Geography

DESCRIBE GEOGRAPHY

DESCRIBE CLIMATE

DESCRIBE ENVIRONMENT

INSERT MAP



Demographics

Population

As of the latest census data, Osemira has a population of around 29.6 million people. Of these, around 94% are actually citizens of Osemira, the rest being non-citizens of various distinctions, including permanent residents, migrants, and asylum-seekers. The populace is highly urbanized, and is largely concentrated in the more populous north, where most of the nation's major metropolitan areas are located.

Language

English is the first language of the vast majority of Osemiris and the official language of the government, with Russian, Korean, Japanese, and Mandarin being common second languages; this mainly has to do with historic immigration trends in the nation's early history. Despite this relative homogeneity of official speech, Osemira is home to a vast variety of languages, due to the government making a point of immigrants retaining their native culture even as they adapt to life in their new country. For example, Doman and Modern Ioudaian remaining primary languages among many immigrant communities from those countries. This is further facilitated by the government's obligation to provide language services for all people within the nation when requested, regardless of the language or languages used.

Religion

Osemira is, for the most part, a secular state, its government separated from religion by numerous laws enshrined in the 1966 Constitution and a general policy of liberalized la´citÚ, or, "freedom from" religion in state institutions. Accordingly, around 39.7% of the population identifies as nonreligious to some extent, outnumbering any single religious affiliation in recent census data. The remainder of the population is split between Christianity (21.4%), Islam (16.7%), Domanium (8.2%), Buddhism (5.6%), the Law of Shfōt (3.1%), and miscellaneous other religions (5.3%), as of the 2020 biennial census.

Race

Often described as an "ethnic kaleidoscope", Osemira is well known abroad for ethnic diversity. There is no true "Osemiran" ethnicity, only an Osemiran national identity, as the nation's citizens come from extremely varied backgrounds, though the majority (30.5%) of the populace identify as Caucasian. Minority ethnic groups include those of Asian (17.2%), African (15.8%), Doman (11.2%), Hispanic (8.9%), *Ioudaian (5.7%), Magarati (6.2%), or being of some other descent or identify as being mixed-race (4.5%). Within these groups, the majority of those who identify as Caucasian come from Slavic backgrounds, while the majority of Asian-Osemiris tend to come from East Asian countries such as Japan, South Korea, China, and Taiwan; this is primarily because of the nation's early history, when the majority of lower-class immigrants came from these backgrounds. Today, the majority of incoming residents hail from Africa, South and Southeast Asia, Oceania, and the Middle East, facilitating a relative rise in the demographics of these groups.
* Refers to individuals of Omvari, Kabriuz, and Delendran descent.

Much of the modern Commonwealth's diversity can be attributed to Osemira's relaxed immigration policies and smooth path to citizenship, together with its long-standing reputation as a haven for those seeking a new life in the Isles, including immigrants, migrants, and asylum-seekers.

Largest Cities

RANK

CITY

METRO AREA POPULATION

ADMIN. DIVISION

1

Kingston

2.8 million

Torrens

2

Pacifica

1.9 million

Acadia

3

Columbia

1.6 million

Capital District

4

Port Rachel

988,642

Acadia

5

Alexandria

682,341

New Stratton

6

Olympia

445,831

Vinson

7

Port Scotia

308,204

Acadia

8

Seamora

108,101

Makami Territory

9

Kennedy

98,297

Vinson

10

Hiawatha

87,945

New Stratton

Kingston

Pacifica

Columbia

Port Rachel



Government

Osemira has been administered as a parliamentary social democracy since the adoption of its most recent constitution in 1966. While nominally a federal state, in practice it is mostly unitary in nature, with the provincial governments mostly handling local administration of federal entities and following federal policies closely.

The General Assembly, the nation's parliament, comprises a variable number of seats, representative of the nation's total population, with one seat being granted per every 100,000 citizens and residents; currently, the Assembly contains 297 seats, of which one each is permanently reserved for the Prime Minister and the Chancellor. The number of seats is reorganized every two years in accordance with the results of the biennial national census. Assembly elections are held in every odd year, with voters turning out to vote for their party of choice. Seats are then allocated proportionally to the parties and filled by candidates chosen by voters in the previous year.

The dominant party or coalition will then be asked to form a government to exercise executive power, ostensibly filling positions on a meritocratic basis regardless of party, though the latter obligation is often eschewed due to partisan disunity between coalitions. This government includes both a Chancellor and a Prime Minister, who each share the duties of Head of State and Head of Government; traditionally, the Chancellor is seen as senior in rank and oversees foreign policy, while the Prime Minister focuses on domestic affairs. The current Chancellor is Cameron Barton, and her Prime Minister is Michael Takemi. These two officers then appoint a cabinet of ministers, which head each of Osemira's major government agencies, as shown below.

LOGO

MINISTRY

MINISTER

ROLE

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Ministry of Foreign Affairs

Roland Martensson

International relations, diplomacy, & foreign aid.

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Ministry of Domestic Affairs

Jefferson Blume

Internal administration & social policy.

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Ministry of Defense

Katherine Cho

Management & upkeep of Osemiran Defense Forces.

<placeholder>

Ministry of Justice

Rashida al Harran

Manages law enforcement & the legal system.

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Ministry of the Treasury

Michael Khartov

Budgeting, banking, economic management, & minting of currency.

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Ministry of Commerce & Industry

Jimena Scranton

Management of state-owned businesses & regulation of private businesses.

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Ministry of Infrastructure

Malik Grafton

Maintenance & construction of public transport & essential services.

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Ministry of Media

Natasha Camden

Oversees all state media & provides internet, television, & phone services.

<placeholder>

Ministry of Health & Social Services

Craig Flowers

Manages public healthcare, welfare, & social programs.

<placeholder>

Ministry of Education

Mikasa French

Manages primary & secondary levels of public education.

<placeholder>

Ministry of the Environment

Oliver Menendez

Oversees conservation & maintenance of the environment.



Foreign Relations

The Osemiran Ministry of Foreign Affairs' approach to international relations is heavily dictated by its values of ensuring democracy, security, and equality, though the nation has displayed a unique proclivity for pacifism in achieving these goals, preferring to secure these interests through foreign aid and diplomacy rather than direct violence or intense economic pressure. For these reasons, Osemira is currently seeking to join the Western Isles Democratic Alliance, with the aim of using the organization as a means to further its goals locally at a lower cost to itself. The nation's security interests in the greater Mesder Sea region, combined with the defensive nature of its armed forces, have also led it to collaborate with and conform to the military standards of MSTO, though it is not an official member of the organization.

Its actions are also limited by the geographical realities of the Home Islands; for example, there is minimal space for farmland within the nation's own borders, which has presented problems for sustaining the regular population growth brought on by its open immigration policies. However, the nation's unique placement in the Four Passages gives it close proximity to the thriving agricultural industry of Domanania, from which Osemira derives a significant portion of its food surplus.

Due to these factors, Osemira largely attempts to maintain friendly relations with most of its neighbors, as well as many nations further afield. In this respect, Osemira's status as a predominantly left-leaning social democracy gives it significantly more room to maneuver in international affairs, freeing it to interact on a similar playing field with both capitalist and communist states.

Military

Since the 1965 Revolution, Osemira has not maintained a true military, per se; rather, its armed forces consist of the Osemiran Defense Forces (ODF), comprising the Ground Defense Force (OGDF), Maritime Defense Force (OMDF), and Air Defense Force (OADF), respectively. While well-armed and potent on paper, the ability of these forces to be used in peacetime is substantially limited by the 1966 Constitution, in an effort to prevent the abuses of military power that occurred under the glorified junta that was the National Union.

To this end, the Defense Forces are limited to a second-strike policy during peacetime, the major exceptions being non-combat operations, the support of allies, and compliance with international mandates of a military nature from organizations such as the League. Furthermore, the Defense Forces are prohibited by law from operating weapons of mass destruction, be they nuclear, biological, or chemical in nature, although they are permitted to use nuclear energy for non-combat purposes, such as powering warships.

The ODF is under the civilian control of the Chancellor and the Ministry of Defense (MoD) and advised by the multi-service Joint Defense Staff, which consists of senior flag officers from each of the three services. Administratively, it is divided into several multi-service commands, which oversee operations across branches, the individual branches themselves, and finally into the major subdivisions of each branch.

As for the individual services, the Ground Defense Force is focused on land warfare, and to this end contains 3 administrative and territorial divisions, which are then subdivided into various maneuver combat and support brigades. These are the real "teeth" of the Ground Defense Force, and include both general-purpose combined-arms and infantry units as well as specialized formations for airborne, amphibious, and mountain operations. The OGDF also contains its own light aviation units of helicopters, tiltrotors, small fixed-wing aircraft, and light drones/loitering munitions, as well as its own SHORAD capabilities, all of which are contained in divisional formations and parceled out to individual units at the brigade level.

The Maritime Defense Force handles naval warfare tasks, operating a number of surface ships and submarines, which are operationally deployed into regional detachments designated as "fleets", though they are significantly smaller than a traditional formation of that size. The major combatant vessels of the service include two warships designated as "multipurpose helicopter destroyers", which are de facto helicopter carriers, capable of fulfilling both fleet support and amphibious warfare tasks, as well as several destroyers, frigates, and attack submarines. The OMDF also fields its own naval aviation in the form of Fleet Aviation, which mainly operates anti-submarine helicopters and maritime patrol aircraft. Furthermore, during a time of war, the Osemiran Coast Guard, which normally forms the maritime wing of the Ministry of Justice, could be incorporated into the OMDF.

The Air Defense Force is the final branch, fielding the bulk of Osemira's military aviation assets and area air defenses. Its flying component manages several wings of aircraft, as well as independent squadrons of more specialized assets, while its land-based component maintains ground support units and manages land-based area air and ballistic missile defenses. The OADF also manages the nation's military satellites, though launches are often conducted abroad due to limited facilities present on the Home Islands.

The Osemiran Special Forces, while not technically a distinct service, are largely independent from the rest of the armed services, as they tend to interact more with each other than with the rest of the Defense Forces. Uniquely (and controversially), they are given permission to conduct offensive operations in peacetime, primarily for the purposes of counter-terrorism. They consist of the 81st Special Operations Battalion and the 77th Ranger Regiment, from the OGDF, the Naval Special Warfare Squadron and Clearance Diving Unit, from the OMDF, and the OADF's 9th Wing.



Economy

Economic Indicators

Currency: Osemiran Lira (O₺), ~ $1.401
Fiscal Year: October 1-September 31


GDP (nominal): O₺879.56 billion
GDP (nominal) per capita: O₺29,635
Labor Force (as % of population): 68.91%
Unemployment: 4.9%

The Osemiran economy is extremely large by the standards of the Isles, with a nominal GDP of O₺879.56. Osemiran citizens are considerably well-off by the standards of the region, with a GDP per capita of O₺29,635; while this number is relatively low considering the nation's standard of living, this can be explained by the nation's comprehensive welfare programs and public control of essential services, which limits the need for larger disposable incomes in order to attain a comfortable lifestyle. Osemira is a major trading nation, with a highly globalized economy, with the service industry being the most prominent, complemented by several high-value secondary industries. More basic primary industries are somewhat minor, as the nation has historically relied on trade and economic cooperation with its neighbors to attain a surplus of needed basic resources.

The nation operates under a mixed economic system, wherein a mixture of socialist and capitalist economic structures are utilized, with the goal of increasing economic stability and reducing the power of corporate interests over the general populace. In general, economic enterprises, particularly heavy industry and health or technologically-focused markets, are led by state-owned and subsidized corporations under the immediate control of the Ministry of Commerce and Industry. Despite this, free trade and small businesses are permitted and even encouraged by the government, and entrepreneurship is actively promoted through the provision of long-term loans and business grants, and many elements of the service and entertainment industries are privately-owned.

International free trade is considered essential, and as such the nation enjoys open economic relations with most of its neighbors in the Isles, with minimal use of protectionism, apart from multilateral sanctions on pariah nations mandated by international organizations.

Osemira mainly exports refined goods over raw materials, with pharmaceuticals, electronics, and software development being major focuses, together with smaller contributions from heavy industries like automobile and aircraft production and shipbuilding. The service industries are mostly domestic in nature, though the nation does export online services, software products, and films, with animation taking a leading role in this sector. Primary industries are less prominent, with the mining, forestry, and fishing industries dominating these sectors. To this end, agricultural resources constitute one of the largest categories of imported goods, with The Kingdom of Ioudaia and The Federated States of Domanania being the largest sources of products such as produce and livestock. Apart from these, the nation also imports industrial metals, petroleum, and defense products in quantity.



Culture

DESCRIBE CULTURE



Infrastructure

Osemira's infrastructure is among the best in the Isles, and a not-insignificant amount of the budget goes to maintaining it, this accomplished through the uninspiringly-named Ministry of Infrastructure (MoI). Public transportation and access to roads are considered major priorities, and the nation's island status means that ferry services and airports are a practical necessity.

The national highway system connects the 14 provinces within their respective island, and are generally well maintained; however, major population growth in the north has led to difficulties in replacing damaged sections of road due to high traffic, the result being lower-quality roads between major urban centers. This is considered a major issue for the reigning Barton-Takemi government, given that these population centers are also the main commercial hubs of the nation, and the state of these highways is seen as something of a national embarrassment. This is in contrast to the south, where more limited use has left the roads better maintained and less worn, a rare point of pride for this otherwise less remarkable region of the country.

Railways form the most common form of public transportation in Osemira, ranging from municipal subways and elevated trams for travel within major urban centers to cross-country bullet trains managed directly by the Ministry of Infrastructure. The latter connect the different provinces, and are organized into both northern and southern networks for each island. The two networks are connected by an immense tunnel constructed below sea level and underground, which stretches between the two islands at their narrowest point. The building of the tunnel was an immense achievement when it was completed in the late 1990s, and many consider it the crowning transportation achievement of the MoI.

Energy

Osemira is largely self-sufficient in terms of its energy needs, thanks in large part to the abundance local energy resources and a large investment in sustainable renewable power facilities. Its demand for power is split between three major sources: indigenous nuclear plants, imported petroleum, and green energy, including offshore wind farms, hydroelectric plants, and biodiesel production.

Nuclear power contributes around 50~55% of the nation's electricity generation, provided by five plants spread across the Home Islands, with four on the more urbanized north island and an additional plant on the more rural southern island. These plants were mainly constructed in the 1980s and 90s, due to the surge in interest in nuclear power brought upon by the future Vancouvia's Nuclear Rush. Despite Osemira's advanced research and development and engineering sectors, it proved impossible to "go it alone", and the Ministry of Infrastructure's Bureau of Energy imported foreign human capital to staff the program and train Osemiran personnel to take over in the future.

These initial plants mainly utilized imported uranium from Vancouvia, though with the discovery of fair quantities of thorium on Osemiran soil and the synthesization of plutonium isotopes in government laboratories, they were increasingly constructed using local resources. Over the following decades, nuclear power would become a staple of life in Osemira, providing emission-free, sustainable power at the cost of nuclear storage, despite attempts by some climate activist groups to shut down the plants.

Critically, there is currently no nuclear plant on the island territory of Makami, leading to power shortages in the rapidly growing territorial capital of Seamora, Osemira's eighth-largest city by population. This has created a major concern for the current Barton-Takemi government, as current assessments project that Seamora and the surrounding area will have to deal with regular outages and possibly even power failures in the immediate future if action is not taken within the next few years.

A further ~20% of power comes from petroleum imported from abroad, including both conventional crude oil and natural gas, the majority of the latter coming from Ostehaar. Most petroleum imports come in the form of gasoline and diesel for automotive transportation and military use, though a significant plurality is allocated to the fossil fuel plants. These are more common in the southern portions of the Home Islands, where the need for power generation is less pressing, and clean energy is therefore a lower priority. Despite this, there are currently efforts underway by the Bureau of Energy to remove these plants and replace them with renewable facilities by 2025, including offshore wind farms and inland solar plants.

The remainder of Osemira's energy needs are sustained through renewable sources, namely wind and solar power. Solar power has been fairly ubiquitous since the mid-2000s, with many buildings using it as a supplementary means to power utilities during the day, although large-scale solar energy plants are a newer innovation. Wind energy is the second major source of renewable power, largely being facilitated by large turbine farms located offshore, as to not take up vital space on the mainland. Finally, the nation has placed a premium on biodiesel development, with at least one major chemical facility devoted entirely to producing sustainable fuels; while this is often interpreted as another facet of the government's efforts to "go green", in reality it is more to reduce dependency on Oster petrol and promote energy self-sufficiency.



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