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4

Syaqin Aren: A Beginner's Guide, Part IVb: Additional Verb Conjugations

Prefixes can be added to verb to make further changes to tense and mood.  They are as follows:

Negative (not to do/do/doing etc.)– khi-stem-ending

Subjunctives (suggest future [or past with pluperfect] but use present tense):
(would)- da-stem-ending
(should)- de-stem-ending
Conditional (could)- du-stem-ending

Pluperfect forms (had/have/will have done/been doing etc.) - ro-stem-ending
Passive forms (is/was/will be done to etc)- su-stem ending

All these prefixes are applied in the order listed above e.g.
I don’t kill: khimorcu
I shouldn’t kill: khidemorcu
I shouldn’t have killed: khideromorcadu (for the purpose of the pluperfect the tense has to be changed here)
I shouldn’t have been killed: khiderosumorcadu

Auxilliary verbs can also be used, such as may in English 'You may go'.  In Syaqin aren the auxilliary verb goes immediately before the verb it supports, e.g. I may go - myevu valu (lit. I may I go).

Deriving nouns from verbs:
To get the noun which would mean 'the doing of the verb' simply take the verb’s stem and add a noun ending.
E.g. syaqeu – to speak -> Syaqin – the speaking (language/speech)
To get the concept of the doer the derivation is less regular.  It is achieved, usually by taking the verb stem and adding a vowel + r and a noun ending (ending depends on gender of doer).
E.g. Syaqiro/a/in – the speaker; revareu – to dream – Revara – the dream – Revano/a/in.  Note that in the case of Revara/Revana since the root of Revara already is a vowel + r the r is changed to n and no additional ending is then required save the noun ending.

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